FAMILIARIZE YOURSELF WITH SANSKRIT – LESSON 14

      FAMILIARISE  YOURSELF 
WITH  SANSKRIT
                
 LESSON  14
Causative form of verbs:
पठ्  to
read   अहं पठामि   
I read
              अहं छात्रं पाठयामि  I make the student read
              त्वं पठसि  
you read
              त्वं छात्रं पाठयसि  You make the student read   
              सः/सा पठति  he/she reads
              सः/ सा  छात्रं पाठयति he/she makes then student read
कर्  to
do   अहं कार्यं करोमि          I do work
             अहं  भृत्येन कार्यं कारयामि I get the work done by the servant
             त्वं कार्यं करोषि          
You do work 
             त्वं भृत्येन कार्यं कारयसि   
You get work done by the servant
             सः/सा कार्यं करोति         He/She does work
             सः/सा भृत्येन कार्यं कारयति  He/She gets work done by the servant   
Examples of causative forms
of some roots
                   Column 1      Column 2               
                   
रुद्  
to read        रुदति        
रोदयति
पत्  
to fall         पतति     
   पातयति 
शृ   
to hear       शृणोति        
श्रावयति
हस्  
to laugh       हसति        
हासयति
चल्  
to move       चलति       
चालयति
खाद्  
to eat        खादति       
खादयति
तप्    to
be hot     तपति        
तापयति
लिख्   to write       लिखति       लेखयति 
वद्    to speak   
  वदति         वादयति
पिब्  
to drink       पिबति         पाययति  
धाव्  
to run         धावति       
धावयति
हर्ष्   
to be happy   हर्षति        
हर्षयति 
       
Column 1  shows the form of the verb in present tense
(third person, singular) when the subject himself does the action. Column 2
shows the form of the verb (present tense, third person, singular) when the
subject makes some one else perform the action.
Exercise:
Write the
causative forms of some more verbs (present tense, third person, singular) and
use them in sentences


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