DEVAHUTI SAMVADA ON BHAKTIYOGA-1 (BHAGAVATAM, CANTO- 3, CHAPTER-25)
३, अध्यायः २५)
Personality of Godhead took birth as
Kapila Muni by His internal potency. He
descended to disseminate transcendental
knowledge for the benefit of he whole human race.
Himself. No one is more worshipable or
more mature a yogi then He. He is
therefore the master of the Vedas, and to hear about Him always is the actual
pleasure of the senses.
activities and pastimes of the Personality of Godhead, who is full of
self-desire and who assumes all these activities by His internal potency.
Maitreya was a friend of Vyasadeva.
Being encouraged and pleased by Vidura’s inquiry about transcendental
knowledge, Maitreya spoke as follows.
kapila stayed on the strand of the Bindu-sarovara to please His mother,
show her the ultimate goal of the Absolute Truth, was sitting leisurely before
her, Devahuti remembered the words Brahma had spoken to her, and she therefore
began to question Kapila as follows.
sick of the disturbance caused by my material senses, for because of this sense
disturbance, my Lord, I have fallen into the abyss of ignorance.
means of getting out of this darkest region of ignorance because You are my
transcendental eye, which, by Your mercy only, I have attained after many, many
Personality of Godhead, the origin and Supreme Lord of all living
entities. You have arisen to disseminate
the rays of the sun in order to dissipate the darkness of the ignorance of the
to dispel my great delusion. Due to my
feeling of false ego, I have been engaged by Your maya and have identified
myself with the body and consequent bodily relations.
have taken shelter of Your lotus feet because You are the only person of whom
to take shelter. You are the exe which
can cut the tree of material existence.
I therefore offer my obeisances unto You, who are the greatest of all
transcendentalists, and I inquire from You as to the relationship between man
and woman and between spirit and matter.
desire for transcendental realization, the Lord thanked her within Himself for
her questions, and thus, His face smiling, He explained the path of the
transcendentalists, who are interested in self-realization.
of Godhead answered : The yoga system
which relates to the Lord and the individual soul, which is meant for the
ultimate benefit of the living entity, and which causes detachment from all happiness
and distress in the material world, is the highest yoga system.
shall now explain unto you the ancient yoga system, which I explained formerly
to the great sages who were eager to hear it.
It is serviceable and practical in every way.
consciousness of the living entity is attracted by the three modes of material
nature is called conditional life. But when that same consciousness is attached
to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, one is situated in the consciousness of
cleansed of the impurities of lust and greed produced from the false
identification of the body as “I” and bodily possessions as “mine”, one’s mind
becomes purified. In that pure state he
transcends the stage of so-called material happiness and distress. At that time the soul can see himself to be
transcendental to material existence and always self-effulgent, never
fragmented, although very minute in size. In that position of self-realization,
by practice of knowledge and renunciation in devotional service, one sees
everything in the right perspective; he becomes indifferent to material existence,
and the material influence acts less powerfully upon him.
any kind of yogi unless he engages in devotional service to the Supreme
Personality of Godhead, for that is the only auspicious path.
the material is the greatest entanglement of the spirit soul. But that same attachment , when applied to
the self-realized devotees, opens the door of liberation.
are that he is tolerant, merciful and friendly to all living entities. He has no enemies, he is peaceful, he abides by the scriptures, and all his
characteristics are sublime.
to Me without deviation. For My sake he
renounces all other connections, such as family relationships and friendly acquaintances
within the world. Engaged constantly in
chanting and hearing about Me, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the sadhus
do not suffer from material miseries because they are always filled with
thoughts of My pastimes and activities.
great devotees who are free from all attachment. You must seek attachment to such holy men,
for this counteracts the pernicious effects of material attachment.
pure devotees, discussion of the pastimes and activities of the Supreme
Personality of Godhead is very pleasing and satisfying to the ear and the
heart. By cultivating such knowledge one
gradually becomes advanced on the path of liberation, and thereafter he is
freed, and his attraction becomes fixed.
The real devotion and devotional service begin.
in devotional service in the association of devotees, a person gains distaste
for sense gratification, both in this world and in the next, by constantly
thinking about the activities of the Lord.
This process of Krishna consciousness is the easiest process of mystic
power; when one is actually situated on that path of devotional service, he is
able to control the mind.
the service of the modes of material nature but by developing Krishna
consciousness, knowledge in renunciation, and by practicing yoga, in which the
mind is always fixed in devotional service unto the Supreme Personality of
Godhead, one achieves My association in this very life, for I am the Supreme
Personality, the Absolute Truth.
of the Lord, Devahuti inquired: What kind of devotional service is worth developing
and practicing to help me easily and immediately attain the service of Your
as You have explained, aims at the Supreme Personality of Godhead and is
meant for completely ending material existence. Please let me know the nature of that yoga
system. How many ways are there by which
one can understand in truth that sublime yoga?
after all, I am a woman, It is very
difficult for me to understand the Absolute Truth because my intelligence is
not very great. But if You will kindly
explain it to me, even though I am not very intelligent, I can understand it
and thereby feel transcendental
Kapila could understand her purpose, and He became compassionate towards her
because of being born of her body. He
described the Sankhya system of philosophy, which is a combination of
devotional service and mystic realization, as received by disciplic succession.
भक्तिः सिद्धेर्गरीयसी ।
the demigods, and their natural inclination is to work under the direction of
the Vedic injunctions As the senses are the representatives of the demigods, so
the mind is the representative of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. The mind’s natural duty is to serve. When
that service spirit is engaged in devotional service to the Personality
of Godhead, without any motive, that is far better even than salvation. Bhakti, devotional service, dissolves the
subtle body of the living entity without separate effort, just as fire in the stomach digests all that
attached to the activities of devotional service and who always engages in the
service of My lotus feet, never desires to become one with Me. Such a devotee, who is unflinchingly engaged,
in association with similar devotees, always glorifies My pastimes and activities.
form, with eyes like the rising morning sun.
They like to see My various transcendental forms, which are all
benevolent, and they also talk favourably with Me.
forms of the Lord, smiling and attractive, and hearing His very pleasing words,
the pure devotee almost loses all other consciousness. His senses are freed from all other
engagements, and he becomes absorbed in devotional service. Thus in spite of his unwillingness, he
attains liberation without separate endeavour.
तु लोके ॥३७॥
completely absorbed in thought of Me, the devotee does not desire even the
highest benediction obtainable in the upper planetary systems, including
Satyaloka. He does not desire the eight
material perfections obtained from mystic yoga, nor does he desire to be
elevated to the kingdom of God. Yet even
without desiring them, the devotee enjoys, even in this life, all the offered
मेऽनिमिषो लेढि हेतिः।
dear mother, devotees who receive such transcendental opulences are never
bereft of them; neither weapons nor the change of time can destroy such
opulences. Because the devotees accept me as their friend, their relative,
their son, preceptor, benefactor and Supreme Deity, they cannot be deprived of
their possessions at any time
worships Me, the all-pervading Lord of the universe, in unflinching devotional
service, gives up all aspirations to be promoted to heavenly planets or to
become happy in this world with wealth, children, cattle, home or anything in
relationship with the body. I take him
to the other side of birth and death.
birth and death can never be forsaken by anyone who resorts to any shelter
other than Myself, for I am the almighty Lord, the Supreme Personality of
Godhead, the original source of all creation, and also the Supreme Soul of all
supremacy that the wind blows, out of fear of Me; the sun shines out of fear of
Me, and the lord of the clouds, Indra, sends forth showers out of fear of
Me. Fire burns out of fear of Me, and
death goes about taking its toll out of fear of Me.
knowledge and renunciation and engaged in devotional service for their eternal
benefit, take shelter of My lotus feet, and since I am the Lord, they are thus
eligible to enter into the kingdom of Godhead without fear.
minds are fixed on the Lord engage in the intensive practice of devotional
service. That is the only means for
attainment of the final perfection of life.