Narayanabhattathiri, is a masterly
summary of Srimad Bhagavatam in 1034
sanskrit slokas of great poetic merit.
The whole work is divided into 100 dasakas of mostly ten slokas each. It was completed in 100 days at the end
of which Bhattathiri, who was suffering from chronic rheumatic disease, was
completely cured and also had a beatific vision of the Lord of Guruvayoor as Venugopala
. In the last sloka of each dasaka Bhattathiri cries out his heart, praying to the Lord to end his afflictions
and restore his health. Dasakas 91-99 contain the essence of the Eleventh Canto
the sadhanas for Self-realisation or mukti, liberation from the
cycle of births and deaths. As in the previous dasakas, Bhattathiri directly addresses the Lord of
Guruvayoor in these dasakas also.
of the 98th dasaka in which is described the upasana of the Nishkala Brahman.
Krishna! Prostrations before You in whom all these worlds become manifest, from
whom these originate and in whom they dissolve, whose form is all this, in
whose Light all these are illumined, who is beyond the reach of words and even
the mind, whose real form neither the devas nor the saints know, what to
talk of others.
of mukti and sachchidananda swarupa (embodiment of
Existence, Consciousness and Bliss!) Prostrations before You who does not have
birth, action, name, good or bad
qualities, who assumes these attributes, by the power of Maya, for the
well-being of the world and who, though without form, takes on countless wonderful forms, by the powers of vidya and avidya.
before You who is neither non-human or human, neither sura nor asura,
neither woman nor man and whose form is not matter, action, class, qualities,
existence or non-existence. You are that which, when everything is negated,
what remains and which hundreds of Vedas, with great difficulty, try to explain
by the implied meaning of words which try to point to that which is of the form
of Supreme, pure Bliss.
image in a mirror), You create mahattattwa, ahamkara (ego), tanmatras (subtle
forms of sense objects), the five elements of space, air, fire, water and earth,
the organs of perception and action.
With these You create the whole of this cosmos which is like the
sankalpa (imagination) in a dream. Again, You gather these into Yourself by the
power of Kala (Time), like the
tortoise withdrawing its limbs inside.
In the dense darkness wuhich results You shine brightly, O Lord of Guruvayur!,
Prostrations to You.
alone are the cause of these worlds, by all means and as the indwelling spirit
in all beings. You are also known as shabdabrahaman
(Vedas), as Karma (action), as Anu (atom) and as Kala
(Time). You are the Ultimate Reality about whom the Vedas sing as purusha
(indwelling spirit), para (over and above all), Chit
(Consciousness) and Atma (individual soul) and whose kataksha
(sidelong glance from the corner of the eye) is enough to disturb the
equilibrium of moolaprakriti (primordial
nature) (thus triggering the process of
creation, the One manifesting Itself as Many). O Krishna! Prostrations to you
of such majesty and magnificence.
Maya is indefinable as one cannot say
whether it is existent or non-existent, sat
or asat. Just like one perceives
the snake in a piece of string this Maya (Avidya, Ignorance) creates the
illusion of this world which really does not exist. This Avidya itself takes the form of Vidya
by the grace of the Lord when one listens to the Upanishadic pronouncements
about the atman, brahman etc. and becomes the axe with which to cut down
the forest of this samsara. My
prostrations to you, O Lord!.
ornaments (of different shapes and sizes) and MUD in pots and other earthenware,
when one ponders over it, one realises that the Ultimate Reality is the Non-dual
Brahman immanent in the whole of this Universe of multiple forms and names
which are all illusory. Just like a
dreamer realises that the dream was not real when he wakes up or a person mistaking a piece of rope as a
snake realises the truth when darkness makes room for light, when Avidya goes
andVidya dawns the Ultimate Reality shines in all its glory. Prostrations to You, O Krishna!
whom the Sun rises, the Fire burns, the Wind blows, Brahma and others pay
tribute at prescribed times, by whom some are appointed to different positions
and later removed from those positions, that controller and discipliner of the
Universe, O Krishna! we offer you our prostrations.
mixture of the three modes of prakriti. You are indicated by the syllable “Om”
composed of three letters. Your form is
the combination of the Trinity of Brahma, Vishnu and Siva. Your praises are sung by the three Vedas,
Rik, Yajus and Sama. You (as the jiva) are the Witness of the
three states of waking (jagrat), dreaming(swapna) and deep sleep
(sushupti). You incarnate yourself in the three Yugas of Krita, Treta
and Dwapara. You measured the worlds in three steps. You remain without
any change in the three divisions of time- past, present and future. I always worship you by the three paths of Karma
(action),Gnana (Knowledge) and Bhakti (Devotion).
incarnation is in the beginning of Krita Yuga, not in Kali Yuga itself..
of Truth, Purity and Consciousness, ever-free,
without any desire, One without a second, unmoved by feelings or emotions and
the substratum for the manifestation of all good and fine qualities. You are without any cause, without blemish
and the repository of countless magnificent great qualities. In the
hearts of Yogis, who have completely cut asunder their
attachments to all worldly things, You
abide as the effulgence of incomparable supreme bliss. Victory O Lord! to this Nishkala
Swarupa of yours.