English translation is largely based on that of the disciples of His
Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada as given in the “Srimad
Bhagavatam” published by the Bhaktivedanta Book Trust]
have already very scientifically described the symptoms of the total material
nature and the characteristics of the spirit according to the Sankhya system of
philosophy. Now I shall request You to
explain the path of devotional service, which is the ultimate end of all philosophical
also describe in detail, both for me and for people in general, the continual
process of birth and death, for by hearing such calamities we may become
detached from the activities of this material world.
is a representative of Your form and by whose influence people in general
engage in the performance of pious activities.
for You illuminate the darkness of the conditional life of the living entities. Because their eyes of knowledge are not open,
they are sleeping eternally in that darkness without Your shelter, and
therefore they are falsely engaged by the actions and reactions of their
material activities, and they appear to be very fatigued.
Kapila, moved by great compassion and pleased by the gentle words of His glorious
mother, spoke as follows
replied: O noble lady, there are multifarious paths of devotional service in
terms of the different qualities of the executor.
violent and angry, and who is a separatist, is considered to be in the mode of
a separatist, with a motive for material enjoyment, fame and opulence, is
devotion in the mode of passion (rajasic)
Personality of Godhead and offers the results of his activities in order to
free himself from the inebrieties of fruitive activities, his devotion is in
the mode of goodness(sattwic).
devotional service is exhibited when one’s mind is at once attracted to hearing
the transcendental name and qualities of the Supreme Personality of Godhead,
who is residing in everyone’s heart.
Just as the water of the Ganges flows naturally down towards the ocean,
such devotional ecstasy, uninterrupted by any material condition, flows towards
the Supreme Lord.
of liberation – salokya, sarshti, samipya, sarupyaor ekatva – even though they
are offered by the Supreme Personality of Todhead.
devotional service, as I have explained, one can overcome the influence of the
three modes of material nature and be situated in the transcendental stage, as
is the Lord.
duties, which are glorious, without material profit. Without excessive violence, one should
regularly peform one’s devotional duties.
idols in the temple, touch My lotus feet and offer worshipable paraphernalia
and prayer. He should see in the spirit
of renunciation, from the mode of goodness, and see Me in every livinng entity.
devotional service by giving the greatest respect to the spiritual master and
the Acharya. He should be compassionate
to the poor and make friendship with persons who are his equals, but all his
activities should be executed under regulation and with control of the senses.
about spiritual matters and should always utilize his time in chanting the holy
name of the Lord. His behaviour should
always be straightforward and simple, and although he is not envious but
friendly to everyone, he should avoid the company of persons who are not
When one is fully qualified with all these transcendental attributes and
his consciousness is thus completely purified, he is immediately attracted simply
by hearing My name or hearing of My transcendental qualities.
source and immediately catches the sense of smell, similarly, one who
constantly engages in devotional service, in Krishna consciousness, can catch
the Supreme Soul, who is equally present
the Super soul. If someone neglects or
disregards that Super soul everywhere and engages himself in the worship of the
Deity (idol) in the temple, that is simply a farce, imitation.
the temples but does not know that the Supreme Lord, as Paramatma, is situated
in every living entity’s heart, must be in ignorance and is compared to one who
offers oblations into ashes.
in the bodies of others and is therefore a separatist never attains peace of
mind, because of his inimical behaviour towards other living entities.
proper rituals and paraphernalia, a person who ignores My presence in all living entities
never pleases Me by the worship of My Deities in the temple.
Deity of the Supreme Personality of Godhead only so long as one has not realised My
presence in one’s own heart and in the hearts of other living entities as well.
great fear in whoever makes the least discrimination between himself and other
living entities because of a differential outlook.
attention, as well as by friendly behaviour and by viewing all to be alike, one
should propitiate Me, who abide in all creatures as their very Self.
inanimate objects, O blessed mother, and among them, living entities which display
life symptoms are better. Animals with developed consciousness are better than
them, and better still are those who have developed sense perception.
developed sense perception, those who have developed the sense of taste are
better than those who have developed only the sense of touch. Better than them
are those who have developed the sense of smell, and better still are those who
have developed the sense of hearing.
can perceive sound are those who can distinguish between one form and
another. Better than them are those who
have developed upper and lower sets of teeth, and better still are those who have
many legs. Better than them are the quadrupeds, and better still are the human
the four varnas (based on quality and work) are better. The best among them are brahmanas and among
them those who are intelligent and have studied the Vedas are better. Better still are those who know the purport
of the Vedas.
purpose of the Vedas is he who can dissipate all doubts, and better than him is
one who strictly follows the brahminical principles. Better than him is one who is liberated from
all material contamination, and better than him is a pure devotee, who executes
devotional service without expectation of reward.
than he who has no interest outside of Mine and who therefore engages and
dedicates all his activities and all his life – everything – unto Me without cessation.
to every living entity because he is under the firm conviction that the Supreme
Personality of Godhead has entered the body of every living entity as the Supersoul,
devotee who applies the science of devotional service and mystic yoga in this
way can achieve the abode of the Supreme Person simply by that devotional
eternal form of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is known as Brahman and
Paramatma. He is the transcendental
chief personality, and His activities are all spiritual.
transformation of the various material manifestations, is another feature of
the Supreme Personality of godhead.
Anyone who does not know that time is the same Supreme Personality is
afraid of the time factor.
Godhead, who is the enjoyer of all sacrifices, is the time factor and the
master of all masters. He enters
everyone’s heart, He is the support of every one, and He causes every being to
be annihilated by another.
Personality of Godhead, nor is anyone His enemy or friend. But He gives inspiration to those who have
not forgotten Him and destroys those who have.
of Godhead the wind blows, out of fear of Him the sun shines, out of fear of
Him the rain pours forth showers, and out of fear of Him the host of heavenly
bodies shed their light.
of Godhead the trees, creepers, herbs and seasonal plants and flowers blossom
and bear fruit, each in its own season.
of Godhead the rivers flow, and the ocean never overflows. Out of fear of Him only does fire burn and
does the earth, with its mountains, not sink in the water of the universe.
Personality of Godhead, the sky allows outer space to accommodate all the
various planets, which hold innumerable living entities. The total universal body expands with its
seven coverings under His supreme control.
of Godhead, the directing demigods in
charge of the modes of material nature carry out the functions of creation,
maintenance and destruction; everything animate and inanimate within this
material world is under their control.
and no end. It is the representative of
maker of the criminal world. It brings
about the end of the phenomenal world, it carries on the work of creation by
bringing one individual into existence from another, and likewise it dissolves
the universe by destroying even the lord of death, Yamaraja.