(slokas 26 to 50)
composition by Muka Kavi dedicated to Kamakshi. The real name of the poet is
not known. Legend has it that he was born dumb but regained not only his
the grace of Goddess Kamakshi but also became a poet of considerable
merit. Mooka Panchashati consists of
five satakams, each Satakam containing 100 verses. The Satakams are Arya Satakam, Padaravinda Satakam,
Stuti Satakam, Kataksha Satakam and Mandasmita Satakam.
deity of Kancheepuram. Her consort is
Ekamreshwara, an aspect of Lord Shiva.
Kanchi is the Central Peetham established by Aadi Shankaracharya who
installed and consecrated the idol of
Kamakshi and established the system of worship there. The other Peethams are at Badrinath in the North,
Dwarka in theWest, Puri in the East and
Sringeri (Sringa giri) in the South.
hymn of this nature is a delicate task and readers may kindly pardon the
shortcomings, though every attempt has been made to make the translation as
close as possible to the intended or perceived meaning.
Lord Shiva, the flow of compassion from
it is the lake for its sporting, Indra and others are servants (they obey the
glances ) and this whole world is sustained and protected by it.
for them the goddess of learning is companion, goddess of wealth is under the
control of their eye-brows, all the worlds are their abodes and their form
is nectar for the eyes of the three
glances as the fishing net and captures
the mind of Shiva which is the fish fully immersed in the ocean of courage (determination)
the lotus forest of knowledge, is wandering in the forest of my mind. O Kamakshi! kindly bind him quickly with the
goad of your sidelong glance which has a sharp hook at the end.
get up exuberant, blooming and playful, from the arbour of your sidelong
glances, and drive away the herd of does which are my delusions and
powers, wanted to win over Shiva who had conquered him. For this he relies on your glances which are
full of affection, which compete with the utpala in beauty and brightness and which is sharp
like a sword.
of the shruti (ears, Vedas) and the path of smriti (remembrance,
code of conduct) of the sages. How is it
that those very glances are crooked, not stable and steals the beauty of
with your ears (also means Vedas) because they adorn the ears. They are
eager to be near the eyes and are trying for it. Your glance, as it were, takes on the role of
a teacher and lovingly teaches the nilotpala
your system of kalima ( being dark).
wandering in the dense foam of the smile and the waters of the radiance of the
face finally enjoy themselves coming to rest on your sidelong glances which are
like a bridge or dam.
sparkle as the star and your smile provides the moonlight. This being the case how is it that your eyes quarrel
with the blue lily which blossoms when the moon rises and the chakora
bird which absorbs moonlight as food.
women beautify their eyes) and the
glances from the corners of your eyes sail in the same boat as both are dark. But the first is easily available to the eyes
of all in this world, but your glances O daughter of Himavan!, is easily
available only to your consort Shiva.
the dark blue radiance of your eyes is like the sprout of smoke from the
fire of the god of love (Cupid). It is a
wonder how it gladdens the heart of Shiva who sports the crescent moon on his
locks (and who is the enemy of Cupid)
fellow and at that moment he bents down bowing, he becomes all-knowing before all the
world and Fame (personified as the young bride) awaits him with the garland of swayamvara
(the system of marriage where the girl has freedom to choose her husband)
heat of sufferings. It puts down the
lake by its depth. The friendship of the
cloud is only for a few minutes but the
lake manifests permanent friendship.
subtle and difficult to traverse, with the help of a guru will not fall into
the mire of this samsara by
taking the support of the staff of your kataksha
firmly with the chains of devotion to the pillar (sthambham) of dark
blue diamond which is made of the
strings of your glances. But wonder of wonders, in this process, the mind gives
up both the sthambham (conceit)
and the bandham ( attachment)
always has anjana applied to it
and is, by nature, wavering and ambulatory.
How then is it possible for it grant to the heart of the devotee purity,
beautiful as the doe’s. Your bright
smiles are blossoms, the radiances from the ear-globes shining as corals are
leaf buds. Your sidelong glances cools all the quarters. All this make for a garden for your kataksha.
throne of blue stone which is your kataksha. The bright radiance from your ear-globes form
the garland of lamps for the neeraajana festival of this coronation
glances which are soft, realised before
their very eyes by the saints, the brilliant sun dispelling the darkness of bad
karma and contributing to the
welfare of the good and which steals the radiance of honey-bees.
smearing of ashes (bhasma) and the rays of red from your ear-globes are matted hair. With these it looks like one
doing tapas and offering worship only to Nilakantha (Lord Shiva).
glances which grant kaivalya (liberation), which is full of the sentiment of
mercy, which has deepened the wonderment of Sankara, which does good to the
devotees and which has brought Sankara under its control.
your beautiful tresses form the decorative garlands (torana maalaa) and your ambulatory glances form the garland
of blue lilies.
Kamakshi! Your lovelorn glances travel by the path, which is enveloped
darkness of your tresses, slowly moving
towards the meeting place as an abhisarikaa wanting to join her lover in secret.
The Lakshmi of Your sidelong glance enters the lake of effulgence of
Lord Shiva for the sport of taking a dip accompanied by the damsel of shyness. The the mark left on the neck of Shiva by the
poison appears as moss in this lake.