philosophy of the seers of ancient India. It
contains the essence of the
practical philosophy of the Upanashads in language more easily comprehended
than that used in the latter. It is wrong to call it the scriptural text of
the Hindus only. The message of the Gita is
relevant for all times and for all
humanity. Sage Vedavyasa has embedded this treasure in
the heart of Mahabharata, the geat epic poem written by him. It has been appreciated and acclaimed by the
great thinkers and philosophers of the World and translated into the major
world languages. It is strange that this
great sermon was delivered by Lord Krishna to Arjuna in the most unusual of
settings, the battlefield of Kurukshetra
where the Pandava and Kaurava armies were facing each other and Arjuna’s
chariot, with Krishna as the charioteer, was stationed right in the middle of
the two armies.
eternally going through the cycles of births and deaths. During each cycle the Jiva, in the bondage of
ignorance(Avidya), attracts towards itself its senses and the mind ( dissolved
in the Prakriti in subtle form for working out the vasanas of the previous
world, the light in the moon and the light in the fire are all from my
sap. I foster the growth of plants and trees.
the bellies of living beings. In
collaboration with Prana and Apana I digest and assimilate the four types of
food ( those to be chewed, those to be drunk, those to be sucked and those to
spring from me. I am the one sought by
all the Vedas. I am also the author of
the Upanishads and the knower of the Vedas.
is all beings, akshara is the
indwelling spirit, Jiva(15.16).
and akshara is the third, purusha, who is the Paramatma,
the unchanging Lord, who pervades the
whole Universe and sustains the whole of creation(15.17).
( who is bound by ignorance) I am glorified in the Vedas and in this world as purushottama (15.19)