THE POET’S OWN WORDS
A. M. SRINIVASACHARIAR
Ph.D. & Published By G.A. Natesan & Co., Madras
॥ आदिपर्व ॥
[भीष्मेण] विदुरः कृतः।
the descendant of Kuru, was crowned king by Bhishma; and Vidura was made the
king’s minister. There was none equal to
Vidura in all the three worlds.
राज्यं न प्रत्यपद्यत ।
राजा पाण्डुर्बभुव ह ॥
blind, Dhritarashtra did not accept the kingdom; being of mixed caste, Vidura
did not; Pandu became king.
विदुरं धर्मतत्त्वज्ञं वाक्यमाह यथोचितम् ॥
Bhishma, the foremost among prudent men, appropriately said these words to
Vidura who knew the principles of Dharma.
that there is a Yadava maiden, suited to our family, and a daughter of Subala,
and also a daughter of the king of the Madras”
son, all the (three) maidens are of good lineage and beautiful. Those kings also are fit for matrimonial
alliance with us.”
यद्वा विदुर मन्यसे ॥
you best among the wise, I think these maidens should be sought as brides for the continuity of this
line. What do you think, Vidura?”
विचार्यं कुरु यद्धितम्॥
are our father, mother and greatest preceptor. Therefore, whatever may be for the good of this house, you
yourself consider and do.
Sakuni, the son of the king of the Gandharas (Subala), came and gave in
marriage to Dhritarashtra his most honoured sister ( Gandhari)
was the chief of the Yadus, named Shura, the father of Vasudeva. He had a daughter, Pritha by name, unequalled
in beauty in the world. King(Kuntibhoja,
her adopted father) celebrated the marriage of Kunti (Pritha) with Pandu.
then went to the city of the king of Madra and entered Hastinapura, bringing
with him Madri (the Madra princess).
King Pandu married Madri, in the manner prescribed.
then in happiness for thirty nights, king Pandu issued forth from the city,
desiring to conquer the world.
by him, all the kings of the world regarded him as the only warrior, like Indra
among the gods.
च माद्र्या च [भरतर्षभ]।
with Kunti and Madri, the active Pandu
went out to the forest (hunting).
Bhishma, the son of river Ganga, married the daughter of king Devaka by a Sudra
wife to the lofty-minded Vidura.
on her, Vidura begot sons endowed with modesty, his own equals in virtues.
Gandhari conceived, Pandu, the son of Ambalika, who was intent on offspring,
said these words
Man is thus born on earth, a fourfold debtor.
By doing my duties, I am released from the debts to the Seers, the gods
and the people; but I am not released from the debt to the ancestors; and that
debt is greater than those (other debts)
is an everlasting and virtuous glory in (all) the worlds; Kunti, so do the wise
exponents of virtue consider for all time. “
प्रियहिते रता ॥
Kunti of shapely body, delighting in doing that which was pleasing and good to
her lord, replied:
As a girl, I was enjoined in my father’s house to attend upon the guests.
There, I served a fierce Brahmin of severe austerities.
‘स मेऽभिचारसंयुक्तमाचष्ट भगवान्वरम्।
मन्त्रं त्विदं च मे प्रादात् तस्य कालोऽयमागतः’ ॥
together with the power to bring the gods in person. He gave me this Mantra also and the time for
its use has come.
अनुज्ञाता त्वया देवमाह्वयेयमहं नृप।
अनपत्यकृतं यस्ते शोकं वीर विनेष्यति ॥
invoke a god who will remove your sorrow in having no children.”
’एष धर्मभृतां श्रेष्ठो भविष्यति नरोत्तमः
युधिष्ठिर इति ख्यातः पाण्डोः प्रथमजस्सुतः’॥
incorporeal voice said: “This, the first son of Pandu, famed as Yudhishthira,
will become most eminent among the righteous and greatest of all men”
’वायुमावाहयस्वेति स देवो बलवत्तरः॥
told Kunti “ Invoke Vayu; that god is mightier”
तथोक्तवति सा काले वायुमेवाजुहाव ह।
तस्यां जज्ञे महावीर्यो भीमो भीमपराक्रमः ॥
proper time and Bhima of great heroism and terrible valour was born of her.
सर्वेषां बलिनां श्रेष्ठो जातोऽयमिति भारत ॥
born also, an incorporeal voice said: “ The greatest of all men of strength has
इदं चाद्भुतमत्रासीज्जातमात्रे वृकोदरे।
यदङ्कात्पतितो मातुश्शिलां गात्रैरचूर्णयत्॥
(Bhima) was born, there happened this miracle; falling from the lap of his
mother, (the child), with his limbs, reduced to dust the stone (underneath).
दुर्योधनो नृपः ॥
the day on which that Bhima of terrible valour was born, king Duryodhana was
that son of Dhritarashtra brayed like an ass.
omens all around, the Brahmins [of the court] and the wise vidura said [to
yours is going to be the cause of the annihilation of the race; peace can be
secured by abandoning him;great will be the impolicy in keeping him.”
only of the family, but of all kshatriyas, will he cause the end. Sacrifice
this one individual, if you desire peace for your house”
Vidura and all those great Brahmins, the king in his affection for the son,
failed to act accordingly.
Dhritarashtra in a century of days; and
over and above that century of sons, a single daughter; also, a pwerful and valorous son named
Yuyutsu to a Vaisya wife of Dhritaraashtra.
all of them, were married. In the proper time, and in the manner prescribed,
king Dhritarashtra gave his daughter Dussala in marriage to Jayadratha (the
king of the Sindhus)
the strong, (Bhima), had been born, Pandu began to think of how there might be
for him another son who would the greatest person in the world.
सांवत्सरं शुभम् ॥
sages, king Pandu of the Kuru line directed Kunti to observe an auspicious vow
for a year.
gods, Indra, and caused the birth of Arjuna (from Kunti).
born, an incorporeal voice said: “Kunti! Equal to Kartavirya, equal to Siva in
valour and equal to Vishnu, (this) Arjuna will increase your happiness.”
Kunti in private: “ Fortunate lady! Bless the daughter of the Madra king also”
Madri to meditate once on some deity.
Then, after deliberation and alone, Madri meditated on the Ashwins.
They two appeared and begot on her twin-sons Nakula and Sahadeva, unequalled in
the world in beauty.
before), an incorporeal voice told of those twins also: “ These two, endowed with qualities of
strength and beauty, surpass the Ashwins”
the Vrishnis, headed by Vasudeva, rejoiced on hearng of the birth of sons to
five and the hundred scions of the Kuru house grew up in a short time, like
lotuses on the waters.