Duryodhana and the other ,kings installed Drona in the office of generalissimo,
as Indra and the other gods installed god Skanda of yore.
the post of the commander-in-chief, the
great warrior Drona said to Duryodhana in the midst of the whole army:
of yours shall I now carry out? Ask what you want.”
grant me a boon, capture alive Yudhishthira, that best of chariot-fighters, and
bring him here to me. When that
Yudhishthira who keeps his promise is brought and vanquished again at a game of
dice, the sons of Pandu who are vowed to act in obedience to him will go to the
forest once more. And this will clearly be a long standing victory for me.
valorous Arjuna does not protect Yudhishthira in the battle, take it that
Yudhishthira is brought under your control.”
circular array made by Drona shone like the sun moving in mid-day, burning and
impossible to look at.
unbreakable circular array, Abhimanyu, on the word of his eldest uncle,
Yudhishthira, shattered to pieces in the battle.
impossible task of breaking Drona’s circular array, killing warriors by thousands,
verily seeming to dance, looking like the god of death with his noose, consuming
his enemies rapidly like fire let loose on a dry forest, Abhimanyu appeared (on
the battle-field) single, hundredfold, and thousand fold.
six chariots surrounded, (those of) Drona, Kripa, Karna, Ashwathaman,
Brihadbala, and Kritavarman, son of Hridika.
पुरैकैकं हिनस्ति नः॥
Abhimanyu with three shafts, Sakuni then said to Duryodhana: “Ere he kills us
one by one; all of us will kill this Abhimanyu.”
arrows of Arjuna’s son, Karna said to Drona then: “Because I must stand, I am
standing here, afflicted as I am by Abhimanyu.”
little, the preceptor Drona said in a low voice to Karna, who had spoken so:
“His armour is unbreakable; he is young and swift in (the display of) his
valour. (So) make him turn back, and then strike. (Armed) with his bow, he cannot be conquered
even by the gods and demons. If you wish (to vanquish him), deprive him of his
chariot and bow.”
those words of the preceptor, Karna, son of the sun-god, hastened and cut from
behind the bow of Abhimanyu, who was throwing shafts with a swift hand. Drona killed his horses; Kripa killed the two
side charioteers. Hurrying at that time which demanded quick action, those six
great warriors mounted on their chariots, devoid of mercy, strewed over with
showers of arrow, a boy, who was without his chariot and alone.
himself with sword and shield, the glorious son of Arjuna, leapt up with force.
Again, infuriated, he attacked Drona, lifting his discus. Then, the great warrior, Abhimanyu, took a
huge mace. His body covered with arrows,
Abhimanyu looked like a porcupine.
furious son of Dussasana rushed at Abhimanyu, lifting his mace. Wishing to kill each other, they hit each
other by their mace-heads, and fell on the ground.
then, Dussasana’s son, (the warrior) who made the fame of the Kauravas
increase, with his mace, struck on the head of Abhimanyu who was rising. Thus was one killed by many in the battle.
मतो हि नः’॥
fallen on the ground, those warriors on the side of Dhritarashtra roared again
and again like lions, with greatest delight; but from the eyes of the warriors
on the Pandava’s side, tears fell. And in the sky also, (the celestial) beings
cried: “ Single, this Abhimanyu lies killed by six of the great warriors of
Dhritarashtra, by Drona, Karna and others; this is not considered Dharma by
killing the multitudes of Samsaptakas with (his) divine missiles, triumphant
Arjuna went to his tent, riding that victorious chariot of his.
brothers and the sons dejected and not seeing Abhimanyu (there), Arjuna said
न च मां प्रतिनन्दथ’॥
are all your faces; and I do not see Abhimanyu and you do not congratulate me
(on my victory over the Samsaptakas).”
Arjuna, after you had gone against the Samsaptaka forces, our preceptor, Drona,
made intense effort to capture me.
भेत्तुं तत्कुत एव तु॥“
Drona, we could not even look at Drona’s army in the battle; how could we break
द्वारं सञ्जनयस्व नः ॥
told that unrivalled Abhimanyu : ‘Break this array of Drona’s army and make a
way for us to enter.’
teachings in missiles and with his heroism, Abhimanyu broke into Drona’s army
and we followed that heroic son of Subhadra in the battle.”
mean and petty king of the Sindhus, (Jayadratha), stopped us all.
boy was surrounded by a number of them deprived of his chariot; at that time,
Dussasana’s son quickly struck him on the head with his mace. That best among men attained to heaven in
then these words spoken by Yudhishthira, Arjuna said these words, looking
wildly like a mad man:
श्वोऽस्मि हन्ता जयद्रथम्’
truth to you; I will kill Jayadratha tomorrow’
by spies who had heard that huge shout of the Pandavas who loved their son
(Abhimanyu), Jayadratha rose up and, along with Duryodhana, came to Drona in the night.
यं पार्थो न तरिष्यति।
मा भैस्त्वं स्वधर्ममनुपालय॥
make an array that Arjuna will not cross; therefore fight, and be not afraid;
keep up your Dharma.”
युद्धाय च मनो दधे॥
by Drona, king Jayadratha cast off his fear of Arjuna and made up his mind to
that night, at day-break, Arjuna, bent on carrying out his great vow, mounted
his excellent chariot, and along with Krishna, rode against Drona’s army,
wishing to capture jayadratha.
(राजन्) सर्वाश्च रथिनो रणे।
on doing a formidable act, showing himself in a terrible form, throwing into
confusion all the quarters and all the chariot-warriors in the battle, Arjuna
rushed in search of Jayadratha.
बीभत्सुः सृक्वणी लिहन्।
the sun and licking the corners of his mouth, Arjuna did not find
(capture) Jayadratha who was surrounded by his protectors.
तु प्रहर्तव्यं धनञ्जय॥’
said to Arjuna: ”I shall create a means to hide the sun; Jayadratha will then
take the sun as having set; and then he will not be able to protect himself, on
account of the joy; at that very time, Arjuna, you must strike.”
सैन्धवस्य रथं प्रति॥
this to Arjuna, Krishna quickly removed the daylight. At that time, when
jayadratha looked up for the sun, Arjuna quickly shot in the direction of his
chariot a terrible arrow which resembled Indra’s thunderbolt and was lying in his quiver.
स तु गाण्डीवनिर्मुक्तस्सैन्धवस्याहरच्छिरः।
shot from the Gandiva took off the head of Jayadratha.
surrounded by an Akshauhini of demons of terrific appearance, the furious
Ghatotkacha (the demon son of Bhima), drove his army (against the Kaurava
रजसा च (महीपते)।
अनुमानेन संज्ञाभिर्युद्धं तद्ववृधे महत्॥
world was wrapped in darkness and dust, that great battle went on by inference
battle-field shone with thousands of lights burning on all sides and hundreds,
of blazing brands.
took place in that night, a fight between Karna and the demon Ghatotkacha.
sight of that formidable and very terrible shower of great missiles falling from
the demon Ghatotkacha and of multitudes of their own forces being struck down,
great fear took possession of the sons of Dhritarashtra.
घोररूपां च मायाम्।
the Kauravas then said (to Karna), seeing Karna and the terrible magic (of
Ghatotkacha): “Karna, quickly kill this demon now with your Sakti; these kauravas and others on the side of
Dhritarashtra are perishing.
रक्षसा वै निशीथे।
by the demon at midnight, Karna made up his mind to hurl the Sakti (at him).
(राजन्) निहिता वर्षपूगा-
वै शक्तिं प्राहिणोद्राक्षसाय ॥
which was being kept in worship for many years for killing Arjuna in the battle
and which Indra had given to Karna, Karna threw at the demon.
cut through and life gone, the great demon then fell on the ground from the
went on again when the sun arose.
hold of the Pandavas when Drona’s missile was discharged.
जेतुं शक्यः कथञ्चन
संग्रामे शक्यः हन्तुं भवेन्नृभिः।
योगो धर्ममुत्सृज्य पाण्डवाः
नैष युध्येदिति मतिर्मम।
कश्चिदस्मै शंसतु मानवः ॥
the Pandavas in fear, Krishna said to Arjuna: “This Drona cannot be conquered
by any means by fighting in the battle; he can be killed by men if he lays down
his arms. Pandavas! Adopt some trick for victory,abadoning Dharma. I think,
Drona will not fight, if Aswathaman were killed; let somebody tell Drona that
Aswathaman has been killed in the battle.
(राजन्) कुन्तीपुत्रो धनञ्जयः।
कृच्छ्रेण तु युधिष्ठिरः॥
not like this; all the rest did; Yudhishthira approved of it with difficulty.
इति शब्दमुच्चैश्चकार ह॥
Bhima then killed with his mace a big elephant in the army named Ashwathaman
and with a feeling of shame, he approached Drona in the battle and shouted: “
Ashwatthaaman is killed.”
it to be a falsehood, knowing as he did the valour of his son, Drona, the
tormentor of his enemies, brought forth then the divine missile presided over
god of fire at their head, the sages came quickly and all of them said to Drona
shining in the battle:
समयो नियतस्य ते।
दग्धा अनस्त्रज्ञा नरा भुवि।
fought this battle by Adharma; it is time for your demise; this does not become you especially, a Brahmin
learned in the Vedas and their auxiliary lores and devoted to Truth and Dharma.
Men ignorant of divine missiles have been burnt by you in the world by the
Brahma Astra, you shall not do again (such) a most sinful act.
न पार्थो वक्ष्यतेऽनृतम्।
these words of the sages, remembering the words of Bhima (that Ashwathaman had
been killed), doubting and in pain, Drona asked Yudhishthira whether his son
was killed or not. For, firm was Drona’s
conviction that Yudhishthira would not utter falsehood, under any circumstance,
even for the sake of the lordship over the three worlds. Therefore, that best of Brahmins, Drona,
asked Yudhishthira and not any one else.
Indeed, Drona had full confidence in the truthfulness of that son of
Pandu from his very boyhood.
that the commander Drona would make the world rid of the Pandavas, Krishna, in
his affliction, told Yudhishthira: “Uttering falsehood for the sake of life,
one is not affected by untruths.”
इति शब्दमुच्चैश्चकार ह।
[राजन्] ’हतः कुञ्जर’ इत्युत॥
in the fear of uttering falsehood and intent on victory, Yudhishthira
to Drona: “Killed is Ashwathaman,” and added indistinctly ‘ the elephant’.
Yudhishthira’s chariot was four inches above the ground; when yudhishthira had
said so, his horses touched the ground.
श्रुत्वा द्रोणो महारथः
those words from Yudhishthira, the
warrior Drona, afflicted by the death of his son, did not wish to live.
न स्म क्षत्रं क्षयं व्रजेत्॥
धर्मं ज्यायस्तरं विदुः।
मूलं भवांश्च ब्रह्मवित्तमः
न व्यपत्रपसे कथम्’॥
Bhima, violently angry, said to Drona: “If well trained, fallen Brahmins, not
content with their own calling, would not take the fighting, kshatriyas would
not perish. (The wise) consider (the
virtue) of non-injury towards all beings the greatest Dharma; and of it, the
Brahmin is the foundation; and you are the greatest among those who have known
the Brahman; having killed many, following what is another’s prescribed
vocation, how is it you are not ashamed?”
स वै द्विजः।
रथोपस्थे निविश्य च।
the Brahmin, Drona, who was addressed in this manner, threw away all arms, sat
in the centre of his chariot for laying down his body, vowed security to all
beings and entered on Yoga.
of the imperishable supreme Lord, the lord of the god of gods, the preceptor
(of the kauravas and the Pandavas), Drona, visibly reached heaven hard to be
attained even by the good.
swarthy Drona, completely white-haired, eighty-five years of age, that old
man had moved about in the battle like a youth of sixteen.
Drona had been killed in the battle, the Pandavas and the dejected Kauravas
withdrew (from the field).