THE POET’S OWN WORDS
A. M. SRINIVASACHARIAR
॥ शल्यपर्व ॥
च फल्गुनेन महात्मना।
Karna had been killed by the great Arjuna, and Duryodhana was downcast, Kripa
who was filled with pity said:
warriors upon whom we placed the burden of the taskand set our hearts on the
kingdom, they have attained salvation, leaving their bodies.
सन्धिं मन्ये क्षमं प्रभो॥
I think, peace with the Pandavas at this juncture is proper for you.”
कालः संयोद्धुं काल एव नः।
लोको मां गर्हयेद् ध्रुवम्।
मम हीनस्य बन्धुभिः ॥’
is not the time to act like impotent persons; it is the time for us only for
fighting. If, having caused my friends, brothers and grandfathers fall down, I
save my life, the world will surely reproach me. And how will the kingdom be to me, devoid of
सर्वे संपूज्य तद्वचः।
Duryodhana spoke thus, all the Kshatriyas (there) praised those words and said
to the king: “Bravo! Bravo!”
घोररूपं भयानकम् ॥
Duryodhana installed Salya as the commander; then began a terrible and
Yudhishthira attacked Salya, the king of the Madras. What a wonder there! the soft and subdued
Yudhishthira became fierce at that time!
very forcibly for killing the king of Madras.
Salya fell, like the lofty banner of Indra.
remaining sons of Dhritarashtra joined together in the battle and rushing
against bhima, besieged (him) from all sides.
हत्वा युद्धे सुतांस्तव।
सफलं जन्म च [प्रभो]॥
the sons of Dhritarashtra, Bhima considered himself as having achieved his
purpose, and his birth and life fruitful.
[राजन्] सहदेवं समभ्ययात्।
Sakuni attacked Sahadeva and Sahadeva said to Sakuni, as if reminding him:
evil-minded Sakuni, what you spoke then on the floor of the gambling-hall,
taking the dice, of that action, reap the fruit now.”
a strong iron arrow which could pierce through any armour, Sahadeva cut
completely from off the body that head of Sakuni which was at the root of the
evil conduct of the Kauravas.
एकादश हताः [प्रभो]
the eleven Akshauhinis that had collected (on Duryodhana’s side) were killed;
one solitary individual was seen (then), Duryodhana, who was severely wounded.
of army and conveyances, he made up his mind to flee; taking his mace, the
powerful Duryodhana started on foot to the (Dvaipayana) lake.
thought of the words of the righteous and wise Vidura. “The great disaster to
us and to all the kshatriyas, surely the very wise Vidura foresaw long
ago.” So thinking, he entered the big
ह्रदं सह सोदरैः।
then reached that lake, along with his brothers and spoke, as if laughing:
स्वकुलं च विशांपते।
स च मानः क्व ते गतः।
causing the death of the whole Kshtriya race and your own family, you have
entered the lake now, wishing to save your own life! Where have that pride and
that self-respect of yours gone, you best of men? Rise up, king, and fight; you are a
Kshatriya, born of a great family.”
कार्यं युद्धेन कर्हिचित्।
रतिर्हि नास्ति मे राज्ये हतपक्षस्य भारत।
has been done by me on account of fatigue, not for saving my life, nor out of
fear. And I do not think there is any
purpose in fighting now; to me whose adherents have been killed, there is no
love for the kingdom, Yudhishthira; this world is yours, king; enjoy it,
without any pang.”
प्रशमार्थं कुलस्य नः।
पूर्वं स कथं त्यजसि क्षितिम्॥
जले चापि प्रवेशनैः।
राज्यस्य हरणेन च॥
जीवितं ते न विद्यते ॥’
did not part with even a needle-end’s space to us who, for the sake of the
peace of our house, begged but righteously.
How do you(now) give up the kingdom? Great effort was made by you to
burn us; with snakes and poisons, by drowning, by seizing our kingdom, by
unkind words and by the dragging of Draupadi, we have been insulted by you,
king. Because of this, you sinner, you shall not live.”
पुत्रो दुर्योधनस्तव ॥
hearing those bitter words, Duryodhana, son of Dhritarashtra, with his iron
mace on this shoulder, rose up from the water.
वीरो योधयितुं युधि॥
one by one, you encounter me; it is not proper in war to make one warrior fight
against many. I especially an armless, tired, submerged in water, severely
wounded in body and one whose conveyances and soldiers have been destroyed,”
बहुभिर्धर्म एव तु।
हतो वा स्वर्गमाप्नुहि॥’
it is Dharma that one should not be killed by many, how did many kill Abhimanyu
with your consent? Everybody examines
the codes of Dharma when in difficulty. Put on the armour, warrior, and killing
whomsoever you want to fight with, become king; or being killed, attain to
श्रुत्वा पुत्रं मया हतम्।
Bhima of terrible strength told Yudhishthira: “ I can meet this Duryodhana in
combat and fight. And king Dhritarashtra
shall now think of that evil act born of Sakuni’s intellect, on hearing his
son, Duryodhana, killed by me.”
न्यघ्नतां वै परस्परम्॥
was a fight between the two, Bhima and Duryodhana; they struck each other.
arose out of the collision of the maces of Duryodhana and Bhima who made varied
समुत्पत्य च सिंहवत्।
(राजन्) गदां वेगेन पाण्डवः॥
then like a lion and running up to Duryodhana, Bhima aimed his mace with force
at his thighs.
son, Duryodhana, the best of men, fell.
हत्वा भीमसेनः प्रतापवान्।
पादेन समलोडयत् ॥
thus struck Duryodhana down, the valorous Bhima kicked the head of the great
king, turning it with his foot this side and that.
प्रतिज्ञा पूरिता त्वया।
मार्दीः मा धर्मस्तेऽतिगो भवेत्।
नैतन्न्याय्यं तवानघ ॥’
said this to the dancing Bhima: “ You have cleared the debt of enmity; you have
fulfilled your vow; do not kick his head with your foot; let not Dharma be
transgressed by you; this Duryodhana who has been killed is a king and a
kinsman; you sinless soul, this is not proper for you.”
spoken to Bhima in this manner, the dejected Yudhishthira, in a voice choked
with grief, addressed the valorous Duryodhana, approaching him:
your own fault, by your avarice, haughtiness and childishness, you scion of
Bharata, have come to such a great disaster.”
Duryodhana, you must not feel sorry for yourself; laudable is your death. It is ourselves, bereft of those dear
kisnmen, who should be pitied’.
mount the chariots quickly, we shall go. Luckily this sinner is killed together
with his counsellors and kinsmen.”
कृत्वा वासुदेवे न्यपातयत्॥
this taunt from Krishna, king Duryodhana cast his eye on him, knitting his
ते लज्जा न ते घृणा।
च भीष्मद्रोणौ च संयुगे।
न ते स्याद्विजयो ध्रुवम्॥
having killed thousands of kings who fought in a straightforward manner,
through many deceitful means, have you no feeling of shame or
self-contempt? If you had fought me or
Karna or Bhishma and Drona in a straightforward manner in the battle, surely,
you would have had no victory.”
तृष्णया च वशीकृतः।
have committed sins, overpowered by your avarice and excess of strength. Let
the consequence thereof be enjoyed.”
प्राप्तं को नु स्वन्ततरो मया॥
die the death which is dear to born Kshatriyas who follow their own Dharma; who
can have a more glorious end than myself?”
I will go to haven with my friends and followers!. With despised desires, you will live,
भीमेन पादेन शिर आहतम्।
वा निधास्यन्ति पदं क्षणात्’॥
is no sorrow for me that my head was kicked by Bhima with his foot; in a
moment, crows, herons and vultures are going to place their feet
निधने कुरुराजस्य धीमतः।
पुष्पाणां पुण्यगन्धिनाम् ॥
the end of these words of the intelligent Kuru king Duryodhana, a very big
shower of fragrant flowers fell.
प्रययुस्सर्वे निवासाय महीक्षितः।
वै हृष्टाः परिघबाहवः ॥
all those kings of bolt-like arms, went to their camps , jubilant and blowing
[महाराज] वासुदेवो महायशाः।
ह्’अस्माभिर्मङ्गलार्थाय वस्तव्यं शिबिराद्बहिः॥’
हि ते सर्वे ययुरोघवतीं [नृप]
the renowned Krishna said: “ We must live outside our camp for thee sake of
auspiciousness.” Agreeing, all of them went to the river Oghavati.
[महाराज] माधवो नागसाह्वयम्॥
calm Gandhari w-souledho was burning with her sorrow, Krishna then went to
शमं नित्यं न च तत्कृतवानसि ।
नास्ति पाण्डवानां महात्मनाम्।
नमस्ते भरतर्षभ ॥’
the subduer of his enemies said these words in modesty to Dhritarashtra: “You were begged everyday for peace and you
did not make peace. There has not been even a slight transgression on the part
of the high-souled Pandavas. The
continuation of your family and the offering of oblation to you rest with the
Pandavas. Look upon the Pandavas with
friendliness; my obeisance to you, chief of the Bharatas!”
न च ते तनयैः कृतम्॥
Gandhari who was emaciated with grief, Krishna said (these) best words:
lady! Words of moral and material good, and beneficent to both parties, you
spoke; and they were not acted up to by your sons”
चोक्तो जयार्थी परुषं वचः।
यतो धर्मस्ततो जयः।“
तव वाक्यं नृपात्मजे।
म स्म शोके मनः कृथाः॥
you spoke harsh words to Duryodhana, who was seeking victory; ‘Hear these words
from me, you stupid fellow! Where Dharma is, there victory shall be. “ Queen,
those words of yours have come true now.
Auspicious lady take it so and grieve not.”
धृतराष्ट्रं च माधवः।
consoling Gandhari and Dhritarashtra, Krishna returned to the camp in the night
and met the Pandavas.
कृतवर्मा च सात्त्वतः।
Kripa and Kritavarman the Satvata, saw the great Duryodhana thrown down.
blazed up with anger and told the king: “King, to-night, I will kill all the
द्रौणेः कृपश्शारद्वतस्ततः ।
those words of the son of Drona, Kripa by the order of king Duryodhana, then
installed the son of Drona in the office of the general.
ENDS THE SALYA PARVA