Narayanabhattathiri, is a masterly
summary of Srimad Bhagavatam in 1034
sanskrit slokas of great poetic merit.
The whole work is divided into 100 dasakas of mostly ten slokas each. It was completed in 100 days at the end
of which Bhattathiri, who was suffering from chronic rheumatic disease, was
completely cured and also had a beatific vision of the Lord of Guruvayoor as Venugopala
. In the last sloka of each dasaka Bhattathiri cries out his heart, praying to the Lord to end his afflictions
and restore his health. Dasakas 91-99 contain the essence of the Eleventh Canto
the sadhanas for Self-realisation or mukti, liberation from the
cycle of births and deaths. As in the previous dasakas, Bhattathiri directly addresses the Lord of
Guruvayoor in these dasakas also.
of the 95th dasaka which
describes Dhyana Yoga.
Lord from whom the whole word has appeared! In the beginning, you manifested
Yourself as Hiranyagarbha embodying all beings and then, manifesting as individual jivas, you remain
affected by the modes of sattwa, rajas and tamas of Maya. When sattwa predominates bhakti (devotion
to the Lord) matures and rajas and tamas are destroyed. Finally sattwa
also subsides and I remain without any adjuncts, without any attributes, and become one with
हंसरूपी न्यगादीत् ॥२॥
sattwa predominates, then also sometimes, in spite of the understanding
that enjoyment of sense objects is fraught with adverse consequences, it cannot
be ensured that the mind does not again dwell on such enjoyment when rajas
and tamas predominate. The mind
and the gunas are tightly intertwined and this can be prevented onlngy
by surrendering to you in undiluted devotion as expounded by You, who is beyond
the states of waking, dreaming and deep sleep states, in the manifestation as Hamsa,
कृष्ण तेभ्यो भवेयुः।
सम्मदः केन वा स्यात् ॥३॥
those treading the path of Karma, higher and higher levels of enjoyment
etc have been created according to varying tastes but these are frivolous and
ephemeral. O Lord! you have told your
friend (Uddhava) that, of all the paths which take you to higher levels of
happiness, bhakti is the most effective. How can the enjoyment one gets from
sense objects match the bliss one experiences in the devotion to your lotus
those who are content in their hearts by devotion to you and live happily
without any desires, are happy and comfortable wherever they are (in all directions),
just like for a person immersed in a pool of water, it is water only in all
directions. He has no desire for the worlds of Indra, Brahma or yogic powers
which gladden the heart. Let that be so, he does not desire even moksha
(liberation) which comes his way on its own.
दुर्मदः क्वेन्द्रियाणाम् ॥५॥
devotee, though attracted by sensual pleasures because of undisciplined senses,
invaded by bhakti those pleasures
are weakened and they cannot again threaten the devotee. Just like flaming fire burns down a large
pile of firewood, the flood of bhakthi in the devotee destroys all sins. What can the vanity of the senses do ?
तथाभ्यस्तया तर्ककोट्या ॥६॥
of the heart, bristling of the hairs of the body, tears of joy – without these
(signs of intense devotion, bhakti) how can the mind be purified? What
is the point of tapas or knowledge without bhakti? When continually cleansed by the siddhanjana
of revelling in stories of Your exploits and leelas, this atman
(mind, inner instrument), like the eyes, arrives at the subtle Truth (about
you), not by the practice of countless arguments expounded in the sastras.
in a comfortable posture, with the body
erect, focusing my eyes on the tip of the nose, controlling my breath by pranayama
(breathing in, holding the air and breathing out as prescribed in the texts on
Yoga), visualising the heart-lotus, normally pointing downward, as pointing upward, I shall meditate on your captivating form, of
dark blue colour like the water-laden cloud, shining above the sun, the moon and the fire.
shall meditate on your captivating form with dark silken locks of hair, shining
fish-shaped ear-globes, cool smile, wearing a garland of wild flowers illumined
by the kausthubha jewel, adorned with beautiful necklaces, with the cravats mark
on the chest, shapely arms, smooth pretty stomach, golden coloured silks, fat
shapely thighs and beautiful, smooth feet as the red lotus.
Lord! Focusing the mind, again and again, with increasing interest, on all the
limbs of your form, I shall concentrate my attention on the beautiful smile on
your lotus face. When the mind completely melts there I shall, submerging the mind in the ocean of supreme
absolute bliss and consciousness that is Brahman, think no more of anything
else. I shall slip into samadhi
like this again and again.
मां सर्वतापात् ॥१०॥
this manner, when I am established in dhyana yoga, the eight-fold psychic
powers like anima (power to assume the size of an atom), mahima (power
to grow the body to enormous size) etc in addition to telepathy, television etc. will automatically fall on my lap. I will not entertain such powers, nor will I
desire them, as they will delay my reaching
You. O Lord of Guruvayoor! save me from all my afflictions.