philosophy of the seers of ancient India. It
contains the essence of the
practical philosophy of the Upanashads in language more easily comprehended
than that used in the latter. It is wrong to call it the scriptural text of
the Hindus only. The message of the Gita is
relevant for all times and for all
humanity. Sage Vedavyasa has embedded this treasure in
the heart of Mahabharata, the great epic poem written by him. It has been appreciated and acclaimed by the
great thinkers and philosophers of the World and translated into the major
world languages. It is strange that this
great sermon was delivered by Lord Krishna to Arjuna in the most unusual of
settings, the battlefield of Kurukshetra
where the Pandava and Kaurava armies were facing each other and Arjuna’s
chariot, with Krishna as the charioteer, was stationed right in the middle of
the two armies.
though He pervades the whole of creation and beyond, his majesties and divinity
are more manifest in some of his creations, both human and non-human like
animals, plants, rivers, mountains etc.
abiding in the heart of every living being. I am the beginning, the middle and
the end of all (10.20).
light-givers, Marichi among the Maruts and the moon among the stars(10.21)
am the consciousness (awareness) (10.22)
the God of riches, among yakshas
and rakshasas, Fire god among the Vasus and Meru among mountains.(10.23)
priests, I am Skanda among leaders of
the army and the ocean among water bodies (10.24)
च नराधिपम् [१०.२७]
‘OM’ among sacred syllables, Japa ygna (repetition
of the names of the Lord under a vow) among Yagnas and the Himalayas among
fig tree) among trees, Narada among
the celestial rishis, chitraratha among gandharvas and Kapila among siddhas
arose from the milky ocean which was being churned for nectar, airavatam among elephants and the king
among men. (10.27)
among procreators and Vasuki among snakes (10.28)
Among serpents I am Ananta, Varuna among water-beings, Aryama among the
departed souls, Yama among those who discipline beings (10.29).
स्मृतिर्मेधा धृतिः क्षमा [१०.३४]
(count) I am Time, among animals I am the lion and among birds I am Garuda (10.30).
fish and the Ganges among rivers(10.31),
am time without end. I am the Sustainer
and my face is everywhere (10.33).
am the source of all that shall be born. I am glory, prosperity, beautiful speech,
memory, intelligence, steadfastness and forgiveness (10.34 )
यत्स्यान्मया भूतं चराचरम् [१०.३९]
metres, Margashirsha among months, Vasanta, the time of flowers, among seasons
perseverance and the purity of the good(10.36).
Arjuna among the Pandavas, Vyasa among the sages and Ushana among the
illumined poets (10.37)
those who seek to conquer, the silence of things secret and the knowledge of
the knower (10.38)
animate or inanimate exists without me (10.39).
numbered. What I have described to you
are only a few of my countless forms (10.40)
beautiful or powerful, that you may know to have come forth from a
fraction of my power and glory (10.41).
O Arjuna, What need have you to know this huge variety. Know only that I exist, and that one atom of myself sustains the whole universe.