composition by Muka Kavi dedicated to Kamakshi. The real name of the poet is
not known. Legend has it that he was born dumb but regained not only his
the grace of Goddess Kamakshi but also became a poet of considerable
merit. Mooka Panchashati consists of
five satakams, each Satakam containing 100 verses. The Satakams are Arya Satakam, Padaravinda Satakam,
Stuti Satakam, Kataksha Satakam and Mandasmita Satakam.
deity of Kancheepuram. Her consort is
Ekamreshwara, an aspect of Lord Shiva.
Kanchi is the Central Peetham established by Aadi Shankaracharya who
installed and consecrated the idol of
Kamakshi and established the system of worship there. The other Peethams are at Badrinath in the North,
Dwarka in theWest, Puri in the East and
Sringeri (Sringa giri) in the South.
hymn of this nature is a delicate task and readers may kindly pardon the
shortcomings, though every attempt has been made to make the translation as
close as possible to the intended or perceived meaning.
Saraswati who is worried about the activities Brahma ( is worried about
protecting the creation of Brahma), who holds the rudraksha in her hands
(holds the eyes of Rudra in its spell), who is flooded by the waves of words (flooded by waves of
speech) who sits on the white lotus in
full blossom (surpasses in beauty the white lotus in full blossom)
smile of Kamakshi]
smile stealing the radiance of camphor makes your face look dark. Like your
consort, your smile embraces your ample bosom, kisses your lips and manifests
deep love and shatters the courage of the mind.
Moonlight wants to acquire equality with your smile by its brightness, by its capacity to allay the heat of the
world, by its ripe knowledge ( by its white colour) and the capacity to delight
the eyes of the people. But because it
makes the ocean swell it has ended up in a sorry state.
मनः कल्मषम् ॥५४॥
the lotus of beauty. They are like the chamara-like
ears of the elephant of Cupid and germinating seeds of the kingdom of
youth. They are like the spray of the
waves of the ocean of nectar of bliss. They are like the swans on the lotus
face. May those smiles of yours remove
the dirt in my mind.
कामाक्षि ते मञ्जुला ॥५५॥
beauty of the bright red splendour of the manikya garland adorning your full
breasts and competes with the pure white waters of the heavenly Ganga falling
from the forest of the matted hairs of Lord Shiva.
those who always take your holy names it is easy to get the fruits of the tall
tree of your blessings. It is dignified
like the spring with the cuckoo singing.
May that smile of yours take care of my welfare.
empire of youth leads from the front with bow in hand and wants to conquer
Shiva who is ready to burn the former with arched eye brows and the arrow of
fire from his third eye. Your beautiful smile excitedly takes on the role of
the commander-in-chief in this battle of Cupid
The heart of your consort never wavered for a moment when He swallowed
the terrible poison nor was he perturbed in the least when his third eye was
spitting fire while it reduced Kama to ashes.
If then His heart is licked by the flames of passionate love, it is because
of the power of a few sparks from the radiance of your smile.
When the radiance of your smile is juxtaposed with the dark colour of
your tresses darker than black anjana it looks as if the celestial
Ganga is split by the waves of Yamuna
and the brilliance of the moon is mixed with dark blue clouds
worlds! We know that the radiance of your smile is like a lotus with a
difference because it blossoms when
seeing the face-moon of Pasupati and in its absence it withers
colour) turning reddish by the mud of minerals and the clouds after the rainy
season( which are white) being tinged red by the rising sun want to claim equal
status with the white brightness of your smile tinged reddish by the kiss of your lips of bright red colour.
धत्ते च मुक्तावलिः ॥६२॥
to your face which is pretty like the moon.
It is pleasing to the eye compared with which it is as if the moon has
become hot. Your smile is cool compared
with which ice water is hot. It is
bright white compared with which the necklace of pearls is dirty.
केनेति जानीमहे ॥६३॥
your smile is like the brightness of the moon and its nature is purity. But we
are sorry because the moon does not mitigate our misery and does not dispel the
darkness (ignorance ) in he heart. We do
not know why.
कामाक्षि रागेण ते।
crescent moon on his head, bows down at your lotus feet to break the deadlock
caused by love-quarrel. His love spurns the lips which are bright as the
hibiscus flowers and makes friends with the moonlight of your smile.
love. From a distance it takes care them. After the pearl comes out from the
water your smile always goes that distance. O kamakshi! how can the blossom of
your smile be compared with the conch? (because it does not release pearls. It
cannot move from its place or act across distances )
surpassing everything else in brightness, why do the mandara flower and
the moon spread their brightness and make themselves the laughing stock of
people when the better thing for them would be to
about some difference between the milky ocean and your smile. The first gave Lakshmi to one purusha, Mahavishnu.
Your smile gives every one Lakshmi (wealth) and Vageeshwari (learning)
which have established their families on the banks of the river Kampa are the
most fulfilled ones in the world because they enjoy daily the taste of the
effulgence of your smile
removes the dullness of those who bow down before you. Though it manifests raga
(love, red) it is bright white. Though
it is accompanied by playful sounds, it pleases those who have controlled their
speech. How can anyone describe the
radiance of your smile?
belt, playful slow gait, the arching of the eye brows, sidelong glances, and
shy glances – all these captivate the heart of the enemy of Kama through the
skill of your smile. May our prostrations be always to your smile.
Kamakshi ! When the beautiful brightness of your smile becomes the emperor of the vast empire of whiteness, the
moon takes the place of the young
prince, moonlight takes the place of the maid and the heavenly Ganga becomes
result does the moonlight give except mitigating the heat? But the
radiance of your smile is liked by people, it removes the heat of miseries and
suffering, speech becomes picturesque,
beauty becomes complete and fame spreads
light of the moon. The brightness of
moonlight is brought about only after
evening twilight. The whiteness of raw
pearl is visible only after it is refurbished.
But the brightness of Kamakshi’s smile is entirely natural
beautiful smile destroy my perennial sense of ‘mine’. It is the fear of your smile which makes the moon hide behind a
cloud, drive the pearls into the womb of the oyster and the lotus stem into the
middle of the lake.
manifests parental love for Ganesha and Guha. It displays the sprouting of love
for Shiva, the enemy of Kama. It shows complete compassion for those who bow
down before you. How can I describe the
blossom of your smile, O Kamakshi