प्रादुर्भावः, तया भगवतो वरणं च)
translations in English are by the disciples of His Divine Grace A.C.
Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada as given in the “Srimad Bhagavatam” published by
the Bhaktivedanta Book Trust]
and asuras, emergence of the terrible poison, kalakuta, from the milky ocean and Lord Siva’s act of
drinking the poison and holding it in his neck to save devas and asuras
engaged in churning the ocean]
the poison, both the demigods and the demons, being very pleased, began to
churn the ocean with renewed vigour. AS
a result of this, there appeared a cow known as Surabhi.
मेध्याय हविषे नृप ॥२॥
sages who were completely aware of the Vedic ritualistic ceremonies took charge
of that surabhi cow, which produced all the yogurt, milk and ghee absolutely
necessary for offering oblations into the fire.
They did this just for the sake of pure ghee, which they wanted for the
performance of sacrifices to elevate themselves to the higher planetary
systems, up to Brahmaloka.
चक्रे नेन्द्र ईश्वरशिक्षया ॥३॥
Ucchaishravas, which was as white as the moon, was generated. Bali Maharaja desired to possess this horse,
and Indra, the King of heaven, did not protest, for he had previously been so
advised by the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
churning, the king of elephants, named Airavata, was generated. This elephant was white, and with its four
tusks it defied the glories of Kailasa Mountain, the glorious abode of Lord
दिग् गजा अभवंस्ततः।
emerged from the milky ocean eight great elephants, corresponding to the eight
quarters. They were headed by Airavana.
Eight she-elephants, headed by Abhramu, also emerged from the milky ocean.
चक्रे वक्षोऽलङ्करणे मणौ
शश्वद् भुवि यया भवान् ॥६॥
the great ocean were the celebrated gems Kautubha-mani and Padmaraga-mani.
Lord Vishnu, to decorate his chest, desired to possess them. Generated next was the parijata tree,
which decorates the celestial planets. O
King, as you fulfil the desires of everyone on this planet, the parijata
fulfils the desires of everyone.
Apsaras [the celestial dancers]. They were fully decorated with golden
ornaments and lockets and were dressed in fine and attractive clothing. The apsaras by their slow, attractive
movements and playful glances captivate the inhabitants of the heavenly planets.
विद्युत् सौदामनी यथा ॥८॥
Lakshmi, goddess of fortune, Rama,
absolutely dedicated to the Supreme Lord illuminating the quarters by
her lustre, like flashes of lightning.
beauty, her bodily features, her youth, her complexion and her glories,
everyone, including the demigods, the demons and the human beings, desired
her. They were attracted because she is
the source of all opulences.
brought a suitable sitting place for the goddess of fortune. All the rivers of sacred water, such as the
Ganges and Yamuna, personified themselves, and each of them brought pure water
in golden water pots for mother Lakshmi, the goddess of fortune.
collected and brought all the herbs needed for intalling the Goddess. The cow
delivered five products, namely milk, yogurt, ghee, urine and cow dung. Spring
personified collected everything produced in spring, during the months of Chaitra
and Vaisakha [April and May].
नट्यश्च ननृतुर्जगुः ॥१२॥
the bathing ceremony of the goddess of fortune as directed in the authorized
scriptures, the Gandharvas chanted all-auspicious Vedic mantras, and the
professional women dancers danced and sang authorised songs prescribed in the
form beat various types of drums, known as mridangas, panavas, murajas
and anakas. They also blew conch shells and bugles known as gomukhas
and played flutes and stringed instruments.
The combined sound of these instruments was tumultuous.
श्रियं पद्मकरां सतीम् ।
elephants from all the directions carried big water jugs full of Ganges water
and bathed the goddess of fortune, to the accompaniment of Vedic mantras
chanted by learned brahmanas. While thus being bathed, the goddess of fortune
maintained her original style, with a lotus flower in her hand.
source of all valuable jewels, supplied the upper and lower portions of a
yellow silken garment. The predominating deity of the water, Varuna, presented
flower garlands surrounded by six-legged bumblebees, drunken with honey.
नागाश्च कुण्डले ॥१६॥
supplied varieties of decorated ornaments.
The goddess of learning, Sarasvati, supplied a necklace, Lord Brahma
supplied a lotus flower, and the inhabitants of Nagaloka supplied
Lakshmi, the goddess of fortune, having been properly celebrated with an
auspicious ritualistic ceremony, began
moving about, holding in her hand a garland of lotus flowers, which were
surrounded by humming bumblebees.
Smiling with shyness, her cheeks decorated by her earrings, she looked
were symmetrical and nicely situated, were covered with sandalwood paste and kumkum
powder, and her waist was very thin. As
she walked here and there, her ankle bells jingling softly, she appeared like a
creeper of gold.
Gandharvas, Yakshas, asuras, siddhas, Charanas and denizens of heaven,
Lakshmidevi, the goddess of fortune, was scrutinizingly examining them, but she
could not find anyone naturally endowed with all good qualities. None of them was devoid of faults, and
therefore she could not take shelter of any of them.
examining the assembly, thought in this way: Someone who has undergone great
austerity has not yet conquered anger.
Someone possesses knowledge, but he has not conquered material
desires. Someone is a very great
personality but he cannot conquer lusty desires. Even a great personality
depends on something else. How, then, can he be the supreme controller?
knowledge of religion (dharma) but still not be kind to all living
entities. In someone, whether human or
demigod, there may be renunciation, but that is not the cause of
liberation. Someone may possess great
power and yet be unable to check the power of eternal time. Someone else may have renounced attachment to
the material world, yet he cannot compare to the Supreme Personality of
Godhead. Therefore, no one is completely
freed from the influence of the material modes of nature.
but not have auspiciousness or good behaviour.
Someone may have both auspiciousness and good behaviour, but the
duration of his life is not fixed.
Although such demigods as Siva have eternal life, they have inauspicious
habits like living in crematorium. And
even if others are well qualified in all respects, they have no strong desire
continued: In this way, after full deliberation, the goddess of fortune
accepted Mukunda as her husband because although He is independent and not in
want of her, He possesses all transcendental qualities and mystic powers and is
therefore the most desirable.
Personality of Godhead, the goddess of fortune placed upon His shoulders the
garland of newly grown lotus flowers, which was surounded by humming bumblebees
searching for honey. Then, expecting to
get a place on the bosom of the Lord, she remained standing by His side, her
face smiling in shyness.
Godhead is the father of the three worlds, and His bosom is the residence of
mother Lakshmi, the goddess of fortune, the proprietor of all opulences. The goddess of fortune, by her favourable and
merciful glance, can increase the opulence of the three worlds, along with
their inhabitants and their directors, the demigods.
वादित्राणां पृथुः स्वनः।
नृत्यतां गायतामभूत् ॥२६॥
Gandharvaloka and Chandraloka then took the opportunity to play their musical
instruments, such as conchshells, bugles and drums. They began dancing and singing along with
सर्वे विश्वसृजो विभुम्।
the great sage Angira, and similar directors of universal management showered
flowers and chanted mantras indicating the transcendental glories of the
Supreme Personality of Godhead.
निर्वृतिं पराम् ॥२८॥
with the prajapatis and their descendants, being blessed by Goddess Lakshmi’s
glance upon them, were immediately enriched with good behaviour and transcendental
qualities. Thus they were very much satisfied.
राजन् निरुद्योगा गतत्रपाः।
King, because of being neglected by the goddess of fortune, the demons and
Rakshasas were depressed, bewildered and frustrated, and thus they became