of the disciples of His Divine Grace
A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada as given in the “Srimad Bhagavatam”
published by the Bhaktivedanta Book Trust]
demigods, had thus disappeared from heaven and the demons had occupied their
places, Aditi began lamenting, as if she had no protector.
the great powerful sage Kashyapa Muni arose from a trance of meditation
and returned home to see Aditi’s hermitage
which was neither jubilant nor festive.
Kashyapa Muni had been properly received and welcomed, he took his seat and
then spoke as follows to his wife Aditi, who was very morose.
wonder whether anything inauspicious has now taken place with regard to
religious (dharmic) principles, the brahmanas or the people in
general, who are subject to the whims of death.
much attached to household life, if dharma (principles of religion), artha
(economic development) and kama (satisfaction of the senses) are
properly followed in household life, one’s activities are as good as those of a
transcendentalist. I wonder whether
there have been any discrepancies in following these principles.
of being too attached to the members of your family, you failed to properly
receive uninvited guests, who therefore were not welcomed and went away.
having been received even with an offering of a little water are like those
holes in the field which are the homes of jackals.
other places, were you in so much anxiety that you did not offer oblations of
ghee into the fire?
and the brahmanas, a householder can achieve the desired goal of
residing in the higher planets, for the sacrificial fire and the brahmanas are
to be considered the mouth of Lord Vishnu, who is the Supersoul of all the
all your sons faring well? Seeing your withered face, I can perceive that your
mind is not tranquil. How is this so?
respected brahmana husband, all is well with the brahmanas, the cows, dharma
and the welfare of other people. O
master of the house, the three principles of dharma, artha and kama
flourish in household life, which is consequently full of good fortune.
fires, guests, servants and beggars are all being properly cared for by
me. Because I always think of you, there
is no possibility that any of the dharmic principles will be neglected.
personally my instructor in the principles of religion (dharma), where
is the possibility that all my desires will not be fulfilled?
you are a great personality you are equal toward all the demons and demigods,
who are born either from your body or from your mind and who possess one or
another of the three qualities – sattva-guna, rajo-guna or tamo-guna. But although the Supreme Personality of
Godhead, the Supreme controller, is equal toward all living entities, He is
especially favourable to the devotees.
lord, kindly favour your maidservant. We
have now been deprived of our opulence and residence by our competitors, the
demons. Kindly give us protection.
taken away our opulence, our beauty, our fame and even our residence. Indeed,
we have now been exiled, and we are drowning in an ocean of trouble.
all those who grant auspicious benedictions, please consider our situation and
bestow upon my sons the benedictions by which they can regain what they have
continued: When Kashyapa Muni was thus requested by Aditi, he slightly smiled,
“Alas”, he said, “how powerful is the illusory energy (Maya) of Lord Vishnu,
by which the entire world is bound by affection for children.”
different from the spirit soul. Indeed, the spirit soul is completely different
from the material elements from which the body is made. But because of bodily
attachment, one is regarded as a husband or son. These illusory relationships are caused by
devotional service to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is the master of
everything, who can subdue everyone’s enemies, and who abides within everyone’s
heart. Only that Supreme Person –
Krishna or Vasudeva – can bestow all auspicious benedictions upon everyone, for
He is the spiritual master of the universe.
of Godhead, who is very merciful to those who are suffering, will fulfill all
your desires, for devotional service unto Him is infallible. Any method other
than devotional service is useless. That
is my opinion.
principles by which I may worship the supreme master of the world so that the
Lord will be pleased with me and fulfill all my desires.
kindly instruct me in the perfect method of worshiping the Supreme Personality
of Godhead in devotional service, by which the Lord may very soon be pleased
with me and save me, along with my sons, from this most dangerous condition.
When I desired offspring, I placed inquiries before Lord Brahma, who is born
from a lotus flower. Now I shall explain
to you the same process Lord Brahma instructed me, by which Kesava, the Supreme
Personality of Godhead, is satisfied (pleased).
of the month of Phalguna [February-March], for twelve days ending with Dvadasi,
one should observe the vow of subsisting only on milk and should worship the lotus-eyed
Supreme Personality of Godhead (Krishna) with all devotion.
is available, on the day of the dark moon one should smear this dirt on his
body and then bathe in a flowing river.
While bathing, one should chant the following mantra.
raised by the Supreme Personality of Godhead in the form of a boar because of
your desiring to have a place to stay. I
pray that you kindly vanquish all the reactions of my sinful life. I offer my
respectful obeisances unto you.
perform his daily spiritual duties and then, with great attention, offer
worship to the Deity of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and also to the
altar, the sun, water, fire and the spiritual master.
Godhead, greatest of all, who lives in everyone’s heart and in whom everyone
lives, O witness of everything, O Vasudeva, supreme and all-pervading person, I
offer my respectful obeisances unto You.
obeisances unto You, the Supreme Person, Being very subtle, You are never
visible to material eyes. You are the
knower of the twenty-four elements, and You are the inaugurator of the
obeisances unto You, the Sureme Personality of Godhead, who have two heads [prayaniya
and udayaniya], three legs [savana-traya], four horns [the four
vedas] and seven hands [the seve chandas, such as Gayatri]. I offer my obeisances unto You, whose heart
and soul are the three Vedic rituals [karma-kanda, jnana-kanda and upasana
kanda] and who expand these rituals in the form of sacrifice.
obeisances unto You, Lord Siva, or Rudra, who are the reservoir of all
potencies, the reservoir of all knowledge, and the master of everyone.
obeisances unto You, who are situated as Hiranyagarbha, the source of
life, the Supersoul of every living entity.
Your body is the source of the opulence of all mystic power. I offer my
respectful obeisances unto You.
obeisances unto You, who are the original Personality of Godhead, the witness
in everyone’s heart, and the incarnation of Nara-Narayana Rishi in the form of
a human being. O Personality of Godhead, I offer my respectful obeisances unto
obeisances unto You, who are dressed in yellow garments, whose bodily hue
resembles the marakata gem, and who have full control over the goddess
of fortune. O my Lord Kesava, I offer my respectful obeisances unto You.
worshipable Lord, best of those who bestow benediction, You can fulfill the
desires of everyone, and therefore those who are sober, for their own welfare,
worship the dust of Your lotus feet.
as the goddess of fortune, engage in the service of His lotus feet. Indeed, they respect the fragrance of those
lotus feet. May the Supreme Personality
of Godhead be pleased with me.
By chanting all these mantras, welcoming (avahana) the Supreme
Personality of Godhood with faith and devotion, and offering Him items of
worship [such as padya and arghya], one should worship Kesava,
Hrishikesha, Krishna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
devotee should chant the dwadasakshara mantra and offer flower
garlands, incense and so on. After
worshiping the Lord in this way, one should bathe the Lord with milk and dress
Him with proper garments, a sacred thread, and ornaments. After offering water to wash the Lord’s feet,
one should again worship the Lord with fragrant flowers, incense and other
rice boiled in milk with clarified butter and molasses. While chanting the same original mantra, one
should offer all this into the fire.
to a Vishnava or offer him some of the prasada and then take some
oneself. After this, one should offer
the Deity achamana and then betel nut and then again worship the Lord.
कृत्वा प्रदक्षिणं भूमौ प्रणमेद् दण्डवन्मुदा ॥४२॥
silently murmur the mantra 108 times and offer prayers to the Lord for His
glorification. Then one should
circumambulate the Lord and finally, with great delight and satisfaction, offer
obeisances, prostrating straight like a rod [dandavat]
offered to the Deity, one should do udvasana of the Deity. Then one
should feed at least two brahmanas with sweet rice.
honour the respectable brahmanas one has fed, and then, after taking
their permission, one should take prasada with his friends and
relatives. For that night, one should
observe strict celibacy, and the next morning, after bathing again, with purity
and attention one should bathe the Deity of Vishnu with milk and worship Him
according to the methods formerly stated in detail. This should be repeated as
long as the prescribed period of this vow is not over.
with great faith and devotion and living only by drinking milk, one should
follow this vow. One should also offer oblations to the fire and feed the brahmanas
as mentioned above.
days have passed, one should observe this payovrata, worshiping the Lord
every day, executing the routine duties, performing sacrifices and feeding
until the thirteenth day of the next bright moon (sukla-trayodasi), one
should observe complete celibacy, sleep on the floor, bathe three times a day
and thus execute the vow.
should not unnecessarily talk of material subjects or topics of sense
gratification, one should be completely free from envy of all living entities,
and one should be a pure and simple devotee of Lord Vasudeva.
directions of the sastra with help from brahmanas who know the sastra,
on the thirteenth day of the moon one should bathe Lord Vishnu with five
substances [milk, yogurt, ghee, sugar and honey]
habit of not spending money, one should arrange for the gorgeous worship of the
Supreme Personality of Godhead, Vishnu, who is situated in the heart of every
living entity. With great attention, one
must prepare an oblation of grains boiled in ghee and milk and must chant the Purusha
Sukta mantra. The offerings of food
should be of varieties of tastes. In
this way, one should worship the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
आचार्यं ज्ञानसंपन्नं वस्त्राभरणधेनुभिः।
spiritual master [acharya], who is very learned in Vedic literature, and
should satisfy his assistant priests [known as hota, udgata, adhvaryu and
brahma]. One should please them by offering them clothing, ornaments and
cows. This is the ceremony called vishnu-aradhana,
or worship of Lord Vishnu.
one should perform all the ceremonies under the direction of learned acharyas
and should satisfy them and their priests.
By distributing prasada, one should also satisfy the brahmanas
and others who have assembled.
spiritual master and assistant priests by giving them cloth, ornament, cows and
also some monetary contribution. And by
distributing prasada one should satisfy everyone assembled, including even the
lowest of men, the chandalas [eaters of dog flesh].
to everyone, including the poor man, the blind man, the nondevotee and the non-brahmana. Knowing that Lord Vishnu is very pleased when
everyone is sumptuously fed with Vishna-Prasada, the performer of yajna
should then take prasada with his friends and relatives.
to trayodasi, one should continue the ceremony, to the accompaniment of
dancing, singing, the beating of a drum, the chanting of prayers and
all-auspicious mantras, and recitation of Srimad-Bhagavatam. In this way, one should worship the Supreme
Personality of Godhead.
ritualistic ceremony known as payo-vrata, by which one may worship the
Supreme Personality of Godhead. I
received this information from Brahma, my grandfather, and now I have described
it to you in all details.
establishing your mind in a good spirit, execute this process of payo-vrata
and thus worship the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Kesava, who is inexhaustible.
known as sarva-yajna. In other
words, by performing this sacrifice one can perform all other sacrifices
automatically. This is also acknowledged
to be the best of all ritualistic ceremonies.
O gentle lady, it is the essence of all austerities, and it is the
process of giving charity and pleasing the supreme controller.
for pleasing the transcendental Supreme Personality of Godhead, known as
Adhokshaja. It is the best of all
regulative principles, the best austerity, the best process of giving charity,
and the best process of sacrifice.
lady, follow this ritualistic vow, strictly observing the regulative
principles. By this process, the Supreme
Person will very soon be pleased with you and will satisfy all your desires.