translations in English are by the disciples of His Divine Grace A.C.
Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada as given in the “Srimad Bhagavatam” published by
the Bhaktivedanta Book Trust]
continued:] My dear King, while Nanda Maharaja was on the way home, he
considered that what Vasudeva had said could not be false or useless. There must have been some danger of
disturbances in Gokula. As Nanda
Maharaja thought about the danger for his beautiful son, Krishna, he was
afraid, and he took shelter at the lotus feet of the supreme controller.
प्रहिता घोरा पूतना बालघातिनी।
Nanda Maharaja was returning to Gokula, the same fierce Putana whom Kamsa had
previously engaged to kill babies was wandering about in the towns, cities and
villages, doing her nefarious duty.
श्रवणादीनि रक्षोघ्नानि स्वकर्मसु।
सात्वतां भर्तुर्यातुधान्यश्च तत्र हि॥३॥
King, wherever people in any position perform their occupational duties of
devotional service by chanting and hearing [shravanam keertanam vishnoh],
there cannot be any danger from bad elements.
Therefore there was no need for anxiety about Gokula while the Supreme
Personality of Godhead was personally present.
माययात्मानं प्राविशत् कामचारिणी ॥४॥
upon a time, Putana Rakshasi, who could move according to her desire and was
wandering in outer space, converted herself by mystic power into a very
beautiful woman and thus entered Gokula, the abode of Nanda Maharaja
hips were full, her breasts were large and firm, seeming to overburden her slim
waist, andshe was dressed very nicely.
Her hair, adorned with a garland of mallika flowers, was scattered about
her beautiful face. Her earrings were
brilliant, and as she smiled very attactively, glancing upon everyone, her
beauty drew the attention all the inhabitants of Vraja, especially the men.
When the gopis saw her they thought that the beautiful goddess of fortune,
holding a lotus flower in her hand, had come to see her husband, Krishna.
searching for small children, Putana, whose business was to kill them, entered
the house of Nanda Maharaja unobstructed, having been sent by the superior
potency of the Lord. Without asking
anyone’s permission, she entered Nanda Maharaja’s room, where she saw the child
sleeping in bed, His unlimited power covered like a powerful fire covered by
ashes. She could understand that this child was not ordinary, but wa meant to
kill all demons
Sri Krishna, the all-pervading Supersoul, lying on the bed, understood that
Putana, a witch who was expert in killing small children, had come to kill
Him. Therefore, as if afraid of her,
Krishna closed His eyes. Thus Putana
took upon her lap Him who was to be her own annihilation, just as an
unintelligent person places a sleeping snake on his lap, thinking the snake to
be a rope.
Rakshasi’s heart was fierce and cruel, but she looked like a very affectionate
mother. Thus she resembled a sharp sword in a soft sheath. Although seeing her within the room, Yasoda
and Rohini, overwhelmed by her beauty, did not stop her, but remained silent
because she treated the child like a mother.
that very spot, the fiercely dangerous Rakshasi took Krishna on her lap and
pushed her breast into His mouth. The
nipple of her breast was smeared with a dangerous, immediately effective
poison, but the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krishna, becoming very angry at
her, took hold of her breast, squeezed it very hard with both hands,
sucked out both the poison and her life.
रुरोद ह ॥११॥
pressed in every vital point, the demon Putana began to cry, “Please leave me,
leave me! Suck my breast no longer!” Perspiring, her eyes wide open and her
arms and legs flailing, she cried very loudly again and again.
Putana screamed loudly and forcefully, the earth with its mountains, and outer
space with its planets, trembled. The
lower planets and all directions vibrated, and people fell down, fearing that
thunderbolts were falling upon them.
this way the demon Putana, very much aggrieved because her breast was being
attacked by Krishna, lost her life. O
King Parikshit, opening her mouth wide and spreading her arms, legs and hair,
she fell down in the pasturing ground in her original form as a Rakshasi, as
Vritrasura had fallen when killed by the thunderbolt of Indra.
King Parikshit, when the gigantic body of Putana fell to the ground, it smashed
all the trees within a limit of twelve miles.
Appearing in a gigantic body, she was certainly extraordinary.
Rakshasi’s mouth was full of teeth, each resembling the front of a plow, her
nostrils were deep like mountain caves, and her breasts resembled big slabs of
stone fallen from a hill. Her scattered
hair was the color of copper. The
sockets of her eyes appeared like deep blind wells, her fearful thighs resembled
the banks of a river, her arms, legs and feet seemed like big bridges, and her
abdomen appeared like a dried-up lake. The hearts, ears and heads of the
cowherd men and women were already shocked by the Rakshasi’s screaming, and
when they saw the fierce wonder of her body, they were even more
बालं च तस्या उरसि क्रीडन्तमकुतोभयम्।
fear, the child Krishna was playing on the upper portion of Putana Rakshasi’s
breast, and when the gopis saw the child’s wonderful activities, they
immediately came forward with great jubilation and picked Him up.
mother Yasoda and Rohini, along with the other elderly gopis, waved about the
switch of a cow to give full portection to the child Sri Kerishna
child was thoroughly washed with cow urine and then smeared with the dust
raised by the movements of the cows.
Then different names of the Lord were applied with cow dung on twelve
different pats of His body, beginning with the forehead, as done in applying
tilaka. In this way the child was given
gopis first executed the process of achamana, drinking a sip of
water from the right hand. They purified
their bodies and hands with the nyasa-mantra and then applied the same mantra
upon the body of the child.
Goswami informed Maharaja Parikshit that the gopis, following the proper
system, protected Krishna, their child, with this mantra.] May Aja protect Your
legs, may Maniman protect Your knees, Yajna Your thighs, Achyuta the upper part
of Your waist, and Havagreeva your abdomen.
May Kesava protect Your heart, Isha Your chest, the sun-god Your neck,
Vishnu Your arms, Urukrama Your face, and Ishwara Your head. May Chakri protect You from the front; may
Sri Hari, Gadadhari, the carrier of the club, protect you from the back; and
may the carrier of the bow, who is known s the enemy of Madhu, and Lord
Urugaya, the carrier of the conchshell, protect You from all corners; may
Upendra protect You from above; may Garuda protect You on the ground; and may Lord
Haladhara, the Supreme Person, protect You on all sides.
Hrishikesha protect your senses, and Narayana Your life air. May the
master of Svetadvipa protect the core of your heart, and may Lord
Yogeshwara protect Your mind.
Lord Prisnigarbha protect Your intelligence, and the Supreme Personality
of Godhead Your soul. While You are playing may Govinda protect You, and
while You are sleeping may Madhava protect You. May Lord Vaikuntha protect You while
You are walking, and may Lord Narayana, husband of the goddess of
fortune, protect You while You are sitting.
Similarly, may Lord yajnabhuk, the fearful enemy of all evil
planets, always protect You while You enjoy life.
रेवती ज्येष्ठा पूतना मातृकादयः।
evil witches nown as Dakinis, Yatudhanis and Kushmandas are
the greatest enemies of children, and the evil spirits like the bhutas,
pretas, pisachas, yakshas, rakshasas and vinayakas, as well as witches like Kotara, Revati,
Jyeshtha, Putana and Matruka, are always ready to give trouble to
the body, the life air and the senses, causing loss of memory, madness and bad
dreams. Like the most experienced evil
stars, they all create disturbances, especially for children, but one can
vanquish them simply by uttering Lord Vishnu’s name, for when Lord Vishnu’s
name resounds, all of them become afraid and go away.
Sukadeva Goswami continued: All the gopis,
headed by mother Yasoda, were bound by maternal affection. After they thus chanted mantras to protect
the child, mother Yasoda gave the child the nipple of her breast to suck and
then got Him to lie down on His bed.
all the cowherd men, headed by Nanda Maharaja, returned from Mathura,
and when they saw on the way the gigantic body of Putana lying dead, they were
struck with great wonder.
you must know that Anakadundubhi, Vasudeva, has become a great saint or
a master of mystic power. Otherwise how
could he have foreseen this calamity and predicted it to us?
inhabitants of Vraja cut the gigantic body of Putana into pieces with the help
of axes. Then they threw the pieces far
way, covered them with wood and burned them to ashes.
of Krishna’s having sucked the breast of the Rakshasi Putana, when Krishna
killed her she was immediately freed of all material contamination. Her sinful reactions automatically vanished,
and therefore when her gigantic body was being burnt, the smoke emanating from
her body was fragrant like aguru incense.
was always hankering for the blood of human children, and with that desire she
came to kill Krishna; but because she offered her breast to the Lord, she
attained the greatest achievement. What
then is to be said of those who had natural devotion and affection for Krishna as
mothers and who offered Him their breasts to suck or offered something very
dear, as a mother offers something to a child?
यस्या समाक्रम्य भगवानपिबत् स्तनम्॥३७॥
किमु गावोऽनुमातरः ॥३८॥
Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krishna, is always situated within the core of
the heart of the pure devotee, and He is always offered prayers by such
worshipable personalities as Lord Brahma ad Lord Siva. Because Krishna embraced Putana’s body with
great pleasure and sucked her breast, although she was a great witch, she
attained the position of a mother in the transcendental world and thus achieved
the highest perfection. What then is to
be said of the cows whose nipples Krishna sucked with great pleasure and who
offered their milk very jubilantly with
affection exactly like that of a mother?
कल्पते राजन् संसारोऽज्ञानसंभवः ॥४०॥
Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krishna, is the bestower of many benedictions,
including liberation [kaivalya], or oneness with the Brahman effulgence. For that Personality of Godhead, the gopis
always felt maternal love, and Krishna sucked their breasts with full
satisfaction. Therefore, because of their relationship as mother and son,
although the gopis were engaged in various family activities, one should
never think that they returned to this material world after leaving their
smelling the fragrance of the smoke emanating from Putana’s burning body, many
inhabitants of Vrajabhumi in distant places were astonished. “Where is this fragrance coming from?” they
asked. Thus they went to the spot were
Putana’s body was being burnt.
the inhabitants of Vraja who had come from distant places heard the story of
how Putana had come and then been killed by Krishna, they were certainly
astonished, and they offered their blessings to the child for His wonderful
deed of killing Putana. Nanda Maharaja,
of course, was very much obliged to Vasudeva, who had foreseen the incident,
and simply thanked him, thinking how wonderful Vasudeva was.
Maharaja Parikshit, best of Kurus, Nanda Maharaja was very liberal and
simple. He immediately took his son
Krishna on his lap as if Krishna had returned from death, and by formally
smelling his son’s head, Nanda Maharaja undoubtedly enjoyed transcendental
person who hears with faith and devotion about how Krishna, the Supreme
Personality of Godhood, killed Putana, and who thus invests his hearing in such childhood pastimes of
Krishna, certainly attains attachment for Govinda, the supreme, original