(slokas 76 to 103)
composition by Muka Kavi dedicated to Kamakshi. The real name of the poet is
not known. Legend has it that he was born dumb but regained not only his
the grace of Goddess Kamakshi but also became a poet of considerable
merit. Mooka Panchashati consists of
five satakams, each Satakam containing 100 verses. The Satakams are Arya Satakam, Padaravinda Satakam,
Stuti Satakam, Kataksha Satakam and Mandasmita Satakam.
deity of Kancheepuram. Her consort is
Ekamreshwara, an aspect of Lord Shiva.
Kanchi is the Central Peetham established by Aadi Shankaracharya who
installed and consecrated the idol of
Kamakshi and established the system of worship there. The other Peethams are at Badrinath in the North,
Dwarka in theWest, Puri in the East and
Sringeri (Sringa giri) in the South.
hymn of this nature is a delicate task and readers may kindly pardon the
shortcomings, though every attempt has been made to make the translation as
close as possible to the intended or perceived meaning.
talkative with the tinkling of your anklets always makes the hearts of yogis who
have controlled their speech inundated
with supreme joy ? And how do those feet of yours which are naturally bright
red make the mind of men sparkling white, free from impurities ?
of Paramashiva! driven by the waves of greed and anxiety and wandering
aimlessly I have become tired and dependent on others. When shall I get the gemstone bridge of your
feet to cross this ocean of too many
of Himavan !May my mind-peacock, tired
by the hot summer of miseries, be cooled in the stream of spiritual knowledge.
What is it that the cool rainy days created by the clouds of your feet cannot
the heart-residence of those who bow down at your feet and dispel all darkness.
The surging waves of heavy miseries vanish just like the insects plunging into
the flame of the lamp.
त्वदीयः कामाक्षि ध्रुवमलघुवह्निर्भववने
to your feet which shine like the shell of the pearls which are the bright rays
from the toe-nails, which are like the boat for crossing the sea of misery for
people who bow down at it, which are the great fire in the forest of samsara
and which is the arani from
which arise the fire of spiritual knowledge of the sages.
to your lotus feet which are like Indra as they are always worshipped by the
celestials. Their praises are sung by the Gandharva damsels by the sweet
strains of music from the Veena. They shatter the mountains of samsara
like Indra and fight the dense
darkness (ignorance) that is balasura whom Indra killed. .
भक्तानामपि मनसि नित्यं परिलस-
शुचिमपि नृणां तापशमनम्।
feet are always like the spring in the heart of devotees they are also like the
rainy season full of dark clouds. Though
they are clean (शुचि
means also summer) they drive away the heat of miseries. They are cool (शिशिर also means the season after winter and before spring)
because of the moonlight-like radiance from the toe-nails but they also make
the lotus bloom. We prostrate before Kamakshi whose feet cause wonderment in
कामाक्ष्याश्चरणपरमेष्ठी विजयते ॥८३॥
of Kamakshi which like the creator
Brahma, seated on the lotus and worshipped by Sanaka, Bhrigu and other sages
manifest their skill in the art of
creating by means of the picturesque words of poets the multiplicity of forms,
qualities, characters and activities of this prapancha, worlds.
निःशेषं प्रतिफलति विश्वं गिरिसुते ॥८४॥
of pollen from the lotus of your feet in full blossom remove all the dirt in the
hearts of those who prostrate before you.
In the mirror of their hearts thus wiped clean, clear and sparkling is
reflected, O daughter of Himavan, the whole of this universe.
कामाक्षि द्वितयमपि युक्तं परिभवे
वासो वा शरणगमनं वा निजरिपोः ॥८५॥
feet the tender leaf buds went to another forest. The lotus,
on the other hand, took refuge in your lotus feet (defeated by the
latter by their softness and beauty).
Both the leaf bud and the lotus did only the proper thing. Those
defeated either go to a distant place or take refuge in the enemy himself.
the Upanishadic texts and by the glances of compassion, bright as the Sun, of
the Guru (Spiritual Teacher), having destroyed the sense of ‘I’ and ‘mine’,
good people, as a result of punya earned by them, endeavour every day to
firmly establish your lotus feet in their heart-cave.
person remembers and meditates on you,
the words issuing forth from him compete with the ‘ghumughumu’
sound from the milky ocean when it was being churned by the mandara mountain,
forcibly making his lips vibrate. Those words shine being naturally well-formed,
clear and spontaneous.
the sweet sound of the anklets (हंसक). Then why are
they trying to compete with the swan (हंसक) in playful
walking? They are the source of joy for
Lord Shiva (भव) but how is it that they destroy the samsara
(भव) of the devotees.
[The poet has created the figure of speech virodhabhasa (apparently
contradictory) making use of the two meanings of हंसक
(anklet, swan) and भव (Shiva, samsara)]
lotus feet are naturally soft and delicate and they become tired even by lazy
slow walking. How is it that they bear
the forceful contact with the hard crowns of the hordes of celestials bowing
down at your feet? How is it that they reside in the sharp-as-needle hearts of
gladdens the hearts of the wise! May the expert dancer of your lotus feet, with
anklets twinkling, accompanied by sweet music and captivating steps, soft and
full of rasa (sentiments), enact
a dance drama on the stage of my heart(mind)
च मुकुटम् ।
your lotus feet, which have stolen the
eminence of the lotus, adorn the matted
hair of Shiva, the heart of yogis who, turning their senses inward, meditate on
you and the crest of the Upanishads which speak of Brahman, the Ultimate Reality. May they liberate me from my slavery to
attachment and the sense of ‘I’ and
दानादनिशमपि कामाक्षि नमताम्।
धत्ते वार्तां सुरभिरिति पादो गिरिसुते ॥९२॥
of Himavan! Your lotus feet get the title of ‘surabhi’ in three ways
namely by their contact with the flowers on the locks of celestial damsels, by
their fulfilling the wishes of those who bow down at them and by making the kankeli
tree flower by their touch. [In the first case ‘सुरभि’
means sweet smell, in the second case it means wish-yielding cow kamadhenu and
in the third case it means capable of producing offspring]
पादोऽसौ किसलयरुचिं चोरयति ते ॥९३॥
lotus feet always protect the heart-gem of those who have deposited it with
them from the thieves of great delusions and desires. Why should these feet of
yours which because of the excess of राग (redness,
attachment) are always beautiful, steal the beauty of leaf buds?
of devotees from thieves such as moha etc. On the other hand they
themselves steal the redness of leaf buds (meaning excels them in redness)]
श्रान्तं हृदयशुकपोतं जननि मे।
कालेक्षणमहिषि कामाक्षि रभसा-
heart-parrot, having always tasted particles of grains of sense objects, has
become tired. O consort of Shiva! please
forcibly capture this parrot in the net of your mercy and imprison it in the
cage of your lotus feet.
कामाक्षि स्मरणलवमात्रेण जडिम-
गूढस्थिति निगमनैकुञ्जकुहरे ।
सर्वेषां कतिचन लभन्ते सुकृतिन-
people, who have earned a lot of punya
by their meritorious deeds, are able to
get the siddha medicine of your lotus feet which they have been seeking
for a long time.
medicine, which is kept in secrecy in the cave within the arbour of the Vedas,
is capable of removing the fever of dullness, simply by remembering and
recalling it to mind.
मथिततिमिराभ्यां नखरुचा ।
Himavan ! prostrations before your feet, soft and tender as the lotus petals,
with anklets tinkling, with graceful steps, abiding in the hearts of good
people, dispelling the darkness of ignorance by the brilliance of the nails and
fit to be placed ever on his head by your consort.
भक्त्या शमधनजनानां परिषदा।
मत्कः पदकमलयुग्मे जननि ते
कामाक्षि त्रिपुरहरवामाक्षि रमताम् ॥९७॥
daughter of Himavan! Consort of Shiva ! may the mind-bee of mine revel, to its
content, at your lotus feet which have a
red tinge, which are bright as the full moon, which are attained after a long time
by loving devotion by those whose wealth is a mind which is pure and full of
and the darling of Shiva!( who sports the crescent moon on his head) your slow
gait puts down the gait of the celestial
elephant. Sages endeavour to tie their heart-elephants which are intoxicated firmly
to the pegs of your lotus feet by means of knowledge(Consciousness) ropes.
किं न कुरुते
the process of prostrating before your lotus feet and surrendering oneself to
them yield fame, create sweet poetry, give wealth, give peace and maturity to
the mind and loosen the bonds of attachment. What is it that it cannot do?
sun of Kamakshi’s lotus feet lead one to think that it is the direction of East
(where the sun rises) and the words of the poets who are in contact with those
lotus feet and experience the taste thereof
will mature into picturesque speech spreading fragrance all around.
the enemy of Kama, Lord Shiva, gained
victory over the triple cities after pleasing you by hundreds of hymns. Therefore O Mother Kamakshi! may your lotus
feet reveal themselves in my heart as soon as my end nears
नौमि विमलम् ॥१०२॥
to your blemishless lotus feet which have slow gait, which reside in the hearts
of the good, which are beyond the reach of words and which fill those who prostrate
before it with pure joy.
परिणमति चिद्रूपकलया ॥२.१०३॥
stotra of hundred verses on the lotus feet of Kamakshi, which will fill the
heart of all with joy, will be respected
by all, will become the best of poets and, after enjoying life’s blessings for
long, merge in the Ultimate Reality which is of the nature of Absolute