THE POET’S OWN WORDS
A. M. SRINIVASACHARIAR
Ph.D. & Published By G.A. Natesan & Co., Madras
॥ आदिपर्व ॥
Welcomed by the citizens with honour and honouring the citizens (in turn), the
Pandavas entered the decorated Varanavata, crowded with people.
शयनानि शुभानि च।
Purochana gave them food, drinks, beautiful beds and excellent seats, and offered
(them) an inauspicious house named (however) Siva (the auspicious one)
खनकः कुशलः क्वचित्।
Vidura, an expert digger, dug somewhere in the middle of that house a fairly
वसन्ति स्म क्षपां [नृप]
unsuspecting but (really) suspecting, and deceiving Purochana, all the
Pandavas, equipped with arms, lived in that house for the night.
सुप्ते जने तदा।
the night, when a great gale arose and people were asleep, Bhima set fire to
the house in the place where Purochana was lying.
that the whole house had caught fire on all sides, the Pandavas, the destroyers
of their enemies, escaped by the subway and, with their mother, went away.
नावं विस्रम्भिभिः कृताम्।
यथागतमगाद्धि सः ॥
that time then, a man of knowledge, who had been sent out by Vidura to live
aboard, showed to the Pandavas a boat constructed by trustworthy men and having
made them cross the Ganges, he went away as he came.
जगामाशु स पावनिः॥
crossed the Ganges quickly, the mighty Bhimasena, son of Vayu, walked fast,
carrying Kunti and his brothers.
स्मरंस्तथ्यं जहर्ष च ॥
that the death of the Pandavas had really taken place, Dhritarashtra, along
with his ministers, Karna, Sakuni and his own sons, rejoiced.
unassailable Bhishma and the wise Vidura rejoiced, knowing of the escape for
the Pandavas from the conflagration of the lac house.
दग्धा जिवन्ति वा न वा॥
others new that the Pandavas must have been rescued by their Dharma. Others, the common folk, said in doubt: ‘They
might have been burnt (to death) or they
may be alive.
जजागार स्वयं तदा॥
then a big, desolate and dreadful forest, Bhima placed down all of them (his
brothers and mother) (to sleep) there and himself kept awake.
they were lying there, a demon named Hidimba ran at Bhima, the subduer of
enemies, in great anger; seizing him by force, Bhima killed him as he would an
demon’s sister Hidimba spoke to Bhima : ‘Desirous of attending upon you, I wish
to serve your body.”
लभन्ते प्रसवन्ति च॥
demoness gave birth to a son through the mighty Bhima.
do demonesses conceive and bring forth the child.
श्रेष्ठः प्रतस्थे चोत्तरां दिशम् ॥
shall wait on you when there is something to be done”, thus taking leaving of
his father and uncles (Bhima and his brothers), Ghatotkacha (the son Bhima and
Hidimba), the foremost among the Rakshasas, set out towards the north.
forthwith when you think of me again.’
Fixing her love (on Bhima) thus, that Hidimba (also went her way).’
ततस्ते पाण्डवास्सर्वे बिभ्रतस्तापसं वपुः।
appearance, went to Ekachakra and lived in a Brahmin’s house.
बभूवुर्नागराणां च गुणैस्संप्रियदर्शनाः ॥
as Brahmacharins, they, by their qualities, became very dear to the
समीपे नगरस्यास्य बको वसति राक्षसः।
तेनोपसृष्टा नगरी त्रातारं नाधिगच्छति॥
lived the demon Baka. Infested by him,
the city could not get a saviour.
him.. From that time, demons were
well-behaved in Ekachakra.
Vyasa told them:
‘आसीत्तपोवने कच्चिदृषेः कन्या महात्मनः।
नाध्यगच्छत्पतिं सा तु कन्या रूपवती सती ॥
beautiful and virtuous daughter of a sage who was a great soul. That maiden did not get a husband.’
then the most eloquent Siva told her this: ‘Auspicious lady! Five scions of the
Bharata line will become your husbands’
the family of Drupada. That flawless
daughter of Parshata (Drupada), Krishnaa(Draupadi), has been ordained as your
wife. Obtaining her, you shall doubtless
see Draupadi (Krishnaa) and lived in the yard of a potter.
(there) in that manner.
should give Draupadi to Arjuna, the son of Pandu; but he did not disclose this
a machine moving in the air and a target in gold.
set (thereon) pierces, through the machine, the target, he shall obtain my
daughter” – thus did king Drupada announce the Swayamvara.
including the Kurus headed by Duryodhana and accompanied by Karna. And illustrious Brahmins also came from many
sat along with the Brahmins themselves.
around in the excellent galleries for securing a glimpse of Draupadi.
came into the amphitheatre.
ornaments, looking at each other in rivalry, and saying “Draupadi is for me
only”, Jumped up from their seats.
one after another for obtaining Draupadi; that firm bow, they could not string
even with their minds.
stringing the bow, Arjuna, keeping Krishna in his mind, took the bow.
target; and it fell.
smiling, unhesitatingly threw the garland on Arjuna’s chest and in the midst of
royal warriors, chose him as husband, as Rati (chose) Madana.
the whole of Vyasa’s words. The king
(YudhiShthira), afraid of mutual quarrel, told his brothers assembled together:
“Beautiful Draupadi shall become the wife of us all.””
Then the king of the Pandavas called
prince Yudhishthira and undepressed in mind, asked that lustrous son of Kunti:
“For whom shall I know you, Kshatriyas or Brahmins?”
those youthful sons of the Kuru King (Pandu) married then that excellent lady.
Yadavas came to the Pandavas and they made merry with the Pandavas in the
Panchala city at that time.