by God Dharma, the truly valiant pandavas, who were to live the incognito life,
sat for deliberation.
विराटस्येति मे मतिः।
shall become a member of the court of king Virata. I will call myself Kanka, a knower of dice
and an expert gambler.
सूपकारो नराधिप ।
would like to attend upon king Virata making sauces (for him) as a cook, with
the name valala.”
दिव्यं च विविधं तथा
विराटनगरे स्त्रियः ॥
plaiting my hair, I shall become a woman (eunuch) with the name Brihannala. I will teach the women in Virata’s city
celestial and various other kinds of dance and music, vocal and instrumental.”
विराटस्येति मे मतिः।
कर्मैतत् सुप्रियं मम ॥’
to become the groom of Virata, with the name Damagranthin; this work is very
much to my liking.”
स्वयं प्रोक्तं भविष्यति॥’
become the cowherd of Virata. Tantripala
shall be the name I give myself.”
myself Sairandhri, an adept in hair-dressing I shall, staying in Virata’s court
along with you, attend upon (Virata’s queen) Sudeshna.”
each other thus, and moving from forest to forest describing themselves as
hunters, the Pandavas entered the territory of the king of the Matsyas.
(here) we see a big Sami tree in this forest.
Leaving our weapons tied together in this tree, we shall go to this
together all their weapons, (placing them in the Sami tree), and going round
the Sami tree, they then entered the city as previously settled.
service to the king of Virata, those illustrious Pandavas lived concealed in
the capital of Virata.
that year had almost passed, Kichaka, the Commander-in-Chief of Virata, made
love to Draupadi, and repudiated by her, kicked her with his foot. Bhima seized Kichaka and made him a lump of
spies sent out by Duryodhana came to Hastinapura and informed the king
Duryodhana of this killing of Kichaka.
‘सर्वा च पृथिवी कृत्स्ना सशैलवनकानना।
the whole world, mountains and forests included, has been searched everywhere,
and we do not find the Pandavas. That
mighty Kichaka who devastated the Trigarta country has been killed in the night
by some Gandharvas, on account of some woman.”
Pandavas are found in their incognito life, they shall enter the forest
again. I suspect, it is on account of
Draupadi that the mighty Kichaka was killed at night by Bhimasena, under
pretext of being a Gandharva.”
it is in Virata’s capital that the Pandavas are living concealed.
to the Matsya country and lift the cattle.
When the cattle are lifted, surely the Pandavas also will fight.”
to the territory of the Matsya king as planned, Duryodhana’s men, elated with
their strength, seized the cattle by thousands.
the Matsyas gathered a huge army.
righteous Yudhishthira also, along with his brothers, formed a squadron for
Virata and fought along with others.
सङ्ग्रामशिरसो मध्ये तां रात्रिं सुखिनोऽवसन्॥
defeating the enemies and recovering the cattle, the Pandavas spent that night
in happiness in the midst of the battle field.
तु पशूंस्तान्वै परीप्सति।
the king of the Matsyas had (thus) gone to the Trigarta country, wishing to
regain the cattle, all the kauravas came upon the Matsya country and
surrounding with a number of chariots, carried away the cattle by force.
the chief of the cowherds then went to the palace, and seeing Bhuminjaya (son
of the Virata King), told him all about the cattle raid. That warrior, Bhuminjaya, mounted (his
chariot) and sallied forth, with Brihannala as the charioteer.
सशरं धनुः ॥
that army then, full of elephants, horses and chariots and protected by Karna,
Duryodhana, Kripa, Bhishma and Drona with his son Asvathaman, Virata’s son
closed his eyes, and fled in fear, throwing down the bow and arrows.
न ते पुनः ॥
ran after the fleeing prince. The
soldiers (on the side of the Kauravas), seeing him running, with the plaited
hair swinging about, were not able to decide whether he was Arjuna or not.
the fear-stricken Uttara (Bhuminjaya, the son of Virata) take heart, Arjuna,
the illustrious Bharata, made him his charioteer, went round the Sami tree,
took all his weapons and then went forth (for the fight)
Arjuna blew the conch, as if tearing the world.
He stupefied all beings by the twang of his bow-string and by the slap
of his palm on his body.
that the Pandavas undertook to do, they have done accordingly. Knowing this for certain, Arjuna has come
पुनः कौरवान् रणे ॥
singly, Arjuna will burn the world with his arrows in the battle; why add that,
with his brothers by his side, he will burn the Kauravas in battle?
कुरुष्व यदि मन्यसे ॥
Duryodhana, make peace (with him) if you care.”
स्वल्पं द्रव्यमपि प्रभो।
I will not give the Pandavas the kingdom, a village, army, or servants; or even
the smallest thing. Let all that is
necessary for war be done.”
व्यूहितुं संप्रचक्रमे ।।
away king Duryodhana and the cattle at the back, Bhishma arranged the chiefs in
the army and began to array the army.
reverberations with the noise of his chariot, Arjuna advanced swiftly.
द्रोणं प्रथमतः क्रमात्।
with his preceptor Drona, Arjuna made salutations, in order, to Drona, Kripa
and Bhishma, with two arrows each.
threw the army pell-mell and struck Karna frequently.
to stand the arrows shot by Arjuna, Karna fled, leaving the battle-front. Warding off every missile of those Kuru
chiefs with a missile of his, the Gandiva-bowed Arjuna who could withstand his
enemies, brought forth another missile, the irresistible Sammohana (the
stupefying one), presided over by Indra.
of strength and force and without any volition, the soldiers of Duryodhana
stood like walls. Jumping down from his
chariot, the son of Virata gathered the garments, necklaces and jewelled
ornaments of the kings and warriors (in Duryodhana’s army) and quickly mounted
his chariot again.
at the Kauravas, the great Gandiva-bowed Arjuna blew his conch; and recovering
the cattle and saluting all his elder with arrows, he returned in high spirits.
of their clothes, the Kauravas then turned back and went away.
Virata king who commanded the army (which went to the Trigarta country) also
entered the city in glee along with the four Pandavas, after winning back the
the swift messengers sent by Uttara reached the Virata capital and announced the victory.
मन्त्रयित्वा तु पाण्डवाः ।
धर्मज्ञा धर्मवत्सलाः ॥
and settling the course of action, the Pandavas who knew and loved Dharma
passed that night.
ततो द्वितीये दिवसे भ्रातरः पञ्च पाण्डवाः।
भूमिपालासनेषु ते ।
the second day then, the five fire-like Pandava brothers, with Yudhishthira at
their head, sat on royal seats, like fires in the altars in a sacrifice.
पार्थिवो विस्मितोऽभवत् ॥
king came to the court hall with Uttara and was wonder-struck when he saw them
in royal dress.
Arjuna, the destroyer of enemy warriors, said:
is the chief of the Kuru house, the son of Kunti, Yudhishthira; this Valala is
Bhima of terrible force and strength; this, who was your groom, is Nakula; the
cowherd is Sahadeva; and Sairandhri, our beloved wife, Draupadi.”
Virata’s son, Uttara, told Virata of Arjuna’s exploits. Hearing those words of his son, the valorous
king of the Matsyas, embraced Arjuna and said to Yudhishthira:
is fortunate that you have all come from the forest hale and healthy. Let Arjuna, (the archer), who shoots arrows
with both hands, accept as wife Uttara (my daughter); this best of men is the
proper husband for her.”
told, YudhiShthira looked at Arjuna. Understanding the look, Arjuna said these words
to the Matsya king:
स्नुषां दुहितरं तव।
मन्यते दुहिता तव।
I shall accept your daughter as my daughter-in-law. I have lived in the harem and she has moved
with me in confidence as with a father; also, your daughter regards me as her
teacher. Nephew of Krishna and looking
verily like the son of god, my son, the mighty Abhimanyu is a fitting
son-in-;law for you and a fitting husband for your daughter.
and king Virata sent messengers to all their friends and to Krishna.
from the battle, the Kauravas, all of them, commissioned then a messenger while
on the way. The messenger reached
Yudhishthira and told that son of Pandu of formidable heroism;
you have again been banished to the forest through Arjuna; abide by the condition;
even in the (course of the) thirteenth year, Arjuna has been, just now, found
त्रयिदशो नः ॥
Duryodhana: ‘Let our grandfather Bhishma say whether our thirteenth year is now
completed or not.”
directed by Yudhishthira, the messenger returned and reaching Duryodhana stated
with the many friends in the night, the high-souled Bhishma told Duryodhana:
“The Gandiva was twanged in the midst of the battle by Arjuna who had observed
the condition (of twelve years of exile and a year of incognito life). The sons of Pandu do not want to enjoy the
world of the king of gods or even the world of Brahma through untruth.”
गृहाणि जग्मुः ॥
thinking this over well, all of them, with their friends and king Duryodhana,
went to their homes.
when the thirteenth year had ended, the five Pandavas took their abode in the
excellent city of Upaplavya in Virata’s territory.
that time, hearing the words of the messenger, Krishna, taking along Abhimanyu
and accompanied by Balarama and all the chief Yadavas, went to the city of the
with the king of Matsyas, all the Pandavas went forth to receive Krishna and
overflowing with tears of joy, they bowed at his feet.
शरणं गताः ॥
by your grace, we have lived through all these years; you are our lord; master
of the god of gods, protect us; noble Krishna, we have taken refuge under you.”
at once the Pandavas who were saluting him, Krishna honoured them as befitting
them, with greatest joy.
Draupadi also bowed at the feet of Krishna.
Lifting that Draupadi of fine tresses, and wiping the tears off her
eyes, Krishna said in the presence of all the Yadavas:
ते मानसो ज्वरः ॥
lady! Grieve not; I, along with Arjuna, will kill before long all the sons of
Dhritarashtra united together and give the kingdom to Yudhishthira; let your
mental anguish disappear.”
conches and drums sounded in the palace of the Matsya King.
मुमुदे परमं तदा ॥
king of Virata of vast riches rejoiced very much at that time, giving his
daughter Uttara in marriage to Abhimanyu, the son of Subhadra.
ENDS VIRATA PARVA