was Dirghabahu, and his son was the celebrated Maharaja Raghu. From Maharaja Raghu came Aja, and from Aja
was born the great personality Maharaja Dasaratha.
demigods, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the Absolute Truth himself,
directly appeared with His expansion and expansions of the expansion. Their holy names were Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata
and Satrughna. These celebrated
incarnations thus appeared in four forms as the sons of Maharaja Dasaratha.
the transcendental activities of Lord Ramachandra have been described by
great saintly persons who have seen the Truth.
Because you have heard again about Lord Ramachandra, the husband of
mother Sita, I shall describe these activities
only in brief. Please listen.
His father in tact, Lord Ramachandra immediately gave up the position of king
and, accompanied by Hs wife, mother Sita, wandered from one forest to another
on His lotus feet, which were so delicate that they were unable to bear even the
touch of Sita’s palms. The Lord was also
accompanied by Hanuman, king of the monkeys, [or by another monkey, Sugriva] and by His own younger brother Lakshmana, both of whom gave him relief from the
fatigue of wandering in the forest.
Having cut off the ears and nose of Surpanakha, thus disfiguring her,
the Lord was separated from mother Sita.
He therefore became angry, movng His eyebrows and thus frightening the
ocean, who then allowed the Lord to construct a bridge to cross the ocean. Subsequently, the Lord entered the kingdom of
Ravana to kill him, like a fire devouring a forest. May that Supreme Lord, Ramachandra, give us
sacrifice performed by Viswamitra, Lord Ramachandra, the King of Ayodhya,
killed many demons, Rakshasas and
uncivilized men who wandered at night in the mode of darkness. May Lord Ramachandra, who killed these demons
in the presence of Lakshmana, be kind enough to give us protection.
Lord Ramachandra were wonderful, like those of a baby elephant. In the assembly where mother Sita was to
choose her husband, in the midst of the heroes of this world, He broke the bow
belonging to Lord Siva. This bow was so
heavy that it was carried by three hundred men, but Lord Ramachandra bent and
strung t and broke it in the middle, just as a baby elephant breaks a stick of
sugarcane. Thus the Lord achieved the
hand of mother Sita, who was equally as endowed with transcendental qualities
of form, beauty, behavior, age and nature.
Indeed, she was the goddess of fortune who constantly rests on the chest
of the Lord. While returning from Sita’s
home after gaining her at the assembly of competitors, Lord Ramachandra
very proud , having rid the earth of the royal order twenty-one times, he was
defeated by the Lord, who appeared to be Kshatriya of the royal order.
a promise to his wife, Lord Ramachandra left behind His kingdom, opulence,
friends, well-wishers, residence and everything else, just as a liberated soul
gives up his life, and went to the forest with Sita.
forest, where He accepted a life of hardship, carrying His invincible bow and arrows
in His hand, Lord Ramachandra deformed Ravana’s sister, who was polluted with
lusty desires, by cutting off her nose and ears. He also killed her fourteen thousand Rakshasa
friends, headed by Khara, Trisira and DuShana
who had ten heads on his shoulders, heard about the beautiful and attractive
features of Sita, his mind was agitated by lusty desires, and he went to kidnap
her. To distract Lord Ramachandra From
His ashrama, Ravana sent Maricha in the form of a golden deer, and when Lord
Ramachandra saw that wonderful deer, He left His residence and followed it and
finally killed it with a sharp arrow, just as Lord Siva killed Daksha.
the forest and Lakshmana was also absent, the worst of Rakshasas, Ravana,
kidnapped Sitadevi, the daughter of the King of Videha, just as a tiger seizes
unprotected sheep when the shepherd is absent.
Then Lord Ramachandra wandered in the forest with His brother Lakshmana
as if very much distressed due to separation from His wife. Thus He showed by His personal example the condition
of a person attached to women.
lotus feet are worshipped by Lord Brahma and Lord Shiva, had assumed the form
of a human being. Thus He performed the funeral ceremony of Jatayu, who was
killed by Ravana. The Lord then killed
the demon named Kabandha, and after making friends with the money chiefs,
killing Vali and arranging for the deliverance of mother Sita, He went to the
beach of the ocean.
बभाष एतत् ॥१३॥
Lord Ramachadra fasted for three days, awaiting the arrival of the ocean
personified. When the ocean did not
come, the Lord exhibited his pastimes of anger, and simply by His glancing over
the ocean, all the living entities within it, including the crocodiles and
sharks, were agitated by fear. Then the
personified ocean fearfully approached Lord Ramachadra, taking all paraphernalia
to worship Him. Falling at the Lord’s
lotus feet, the personified ocean spoke as follows.
did not understand who You are, but now we understand who You are, the Supreme
Person , the master of the entire universe, the unchanging and original Personality
of Godhead. The demigods are infatuated
with the mode of goodness, the Prajapatis with the mode of passion, and the
lord of ghosts with the mode of ignorance, but You are the master of all these
water as You like. Indeed, You may cross it and go to the abode of Ravana, who
is the great source of disturbance and crying for the three worlds. He is the son of Visrava, but is condemned
like scum. Please go to kill him and thus regain Your wife, Sitadevi. O great
hero, although my water presents no impediment to Your going to Lanka, please
build a bridge over it to spread Your transcendental fame. Upon seeing this wonderfully uncommon deed of
Your Lordship, all the great heroes and kings in the future will glorify You.
After constructing a bridge over the ocean by throwing into the water the peaks
of mountains whose trees and other vegetation had been shaken by the hands of
great monkeys, Lord Ramachandra went to Lanka to release Sitadevi from the
clutches of Ravana. With the direction
and help of Vibhishana, ravana’s brother, the Lord, along with the monkey
soldiers, headed by Sugriva, Nala and Hanuman, entered Ravana’s kingdom, Lanka,
which had previously been burnt by Hanuman.
monkey soldiers, led by chiefs like Sugriva, Nila and Hanuman, occupied all the
sporting houses, granaries, treasuries, palace doorways, city gates, assembly
houses, palace frontages and even the resting houses of the pigeons. When the
city’s crossroads, platforms, flags and golden water pots on its domes were all
destroyed, the entire city of Lanka appeared like a river disturbed by a herd
disturbances created by the monkey soldiers, he called for Nikumbha, Kumbha,
Dhumraksha, Durmukha, Surantaka, Narantaka and other Rakshasas and also his son
Indrajit. Thereafter he called for
Prahasta, Atikaya, vikampana and finally Kumbhakarna. Then he induced all his followers to fight
against the enemies.
surrounded by Lakshmana and monkey soldiers like Sugriva, Hanuman,
Gandhamadana, Nila, Angada, Jambavan and Panasa, attacked the soldiers of the
Rakshasas, who were fully equipped with various invincible weapons like swords,
lances, bows, prasas, rshtis, sakti, arrows, khadgas and tomaras. .
commanders of the soldiers of Ramachandra faced the elephants, infantry, horses
and chariots of the enemy and hurled against them big trees, mountain peaks,
clubs and arrows. Thus the soldiers of
Lord Ramachandra killed Ravana’s soldiers, who had lost all good fortune
because Ravana had been condemned by the anger of mother Sita.
the King of Rakshasas, observed that his soldiers had been lost, he was
extremely angry. Thus he mounted his airplane
and proceeded toward Lord Ramachandra, who sat on the effulgent chariot brought
by Matali, the chariot driver of Indra.
Then Ravana struck Lord Ramachandra with sharp arrows.
Ravana: You are the most abominable of Rakshasas. You resemble a dog, for as a
dog steals eatables from the kitchen in the absence of the householder, in My
absence you kidnapped My wife, Sitadevi.
Therefore as Yamaraja punishes sinful men, I shall also punish you. You are most abominable, sinful and
shameless. Today, therefore, I, whose
attempt never fails, shall punish you.
Ravana, Lord Ramachandra fixed an arrow to His bow, aimed at Ravana, and
released the arrow, which pierced Ravana’s heart like a thunderbolt. Upon seeing this, Ravana’s followers raised a tumultuous sound,
crying, “Alas! alas! What has happened? What has happened? “ as Ravana,
vomiting blood from his ten mouths, fell from his airplane, just as a pious man
falls to earth from the heavenly planets when the results of his pious
activities are exhausted.
the battle, headed by Mandodari, the wife of Ravana, came out of Lanka. Continuously crying, they approached the dead
bodies of Ravana and the other Rakshasas.
स्वान् स्वान् बन्धून् परिष्वज्य लक्ष्मणेषुभिरर्दितान्।
had been killed by the arrows of Lakshmana, the women embraced their respective
husbands and cried piteously in voices appealing to everyone.
and therefore you were called Ravana.
But now that you have been defeated, we also are defeated, for without you the state of Lanka has been
conquered by the enemy. To whom will it
go for shelter?
of lusty desires, and therefore you could not understand the influence of
mother Sita. Now, because of her curse,
you have been reduced to this state, having been killed by Lord Ramachandra.
state of Lanka and also we ourselves now have no protector. By your deeds you have made your body fit to
be eaten by vultures and your soul fit to go to hell.
continued: Vibhishana, the pious brother of Ravana and devotee of Lord
Ramachandra, received approval from Lord Ramachandra, the King of Kosala. Then
he performed prescribed funeral ceremonies for his family members to save them
from the path to hell.
a small cottage beneath the tree named Simsapa in a forest of Asoka trees. She was lean and thin, being aggrieved
because of separation from Him.
was very compassionate. When Ramachandra
came before her, she was exceedingly happy to see her beloved, and her
lotus-like face showed her joy
the power to rule the Rakshasa population of Lanka for the duration of one
kalpa, Lord Ramachandra, the Supreme Personality of Godhead[Bhagavan], placed
Sitadevi on an airplane decorated with flowers and then got on the plane
Himself. The period for His living in
the forest having ended, the Lord returned to Ayodhya, accompanied by Hanuman,
Sugriva and his brother Lakshmana.
returned to His capital, Ayodhya, He was greeted on the road by the princely
order, who showered His body with beautiful, fragrant flowers, while great
personalities like Lord Brahma and other demigods glorified the activities of
the Lord in great jubilation.
Lord Ramachandra heard that in His absence His brother Bharata was eating
barley cooked in the urine of a cow, covering His body with the bark of trees,
wearing matted locks of hair, and lying on a mattress of kusa. The most merciful Lord very much lamented
understood that Lord Ramachadra was returning to the capital, Ayodhya, He
immediately took upon His own head Lord Ramachandra’s wooden shoes and came out
from His camp at Nandigrama. Lord Bharata was accompanied by ministers, priests
and other respectable citizens, by professional musicians vibrating pleasing
musical sounds, and by learned brahmanas loudly chanting Vedic hymns. Following in the procession were chariots
drawn by beautiful horses with harnesses of golden rope. These chariots were decorated by flags with
golden embroidery and by other flags of various sizes and patterns. There were
soldiers bedecked with golden armor, servants bearing betel nut, and many
well-known and beautiful prostitutes.
Many servants followed on foot, bearing an umbrella, whisks, different
grades of precious jewels, and other paraphernalia befitting a royal
reception. Accompanied in this way, Lord
Bharata, His heart softened in ecstasy and His eyes full of tears, approached
Lord Ramachandra and fell at His lotus feet with great ecstatic love.
shoes before Lord Ramachandra, Lord Bharata stood with folded hands, His eyes
full of tears, and Lord Ramachandra bathed Bharata with tears while embracing
Him with both arms for a long time.
Accompanied by mother Sits and Lakshmana, Lord Ramachandra then offered
His respectful obeisances unto the learned brahmanas and the elderly persons in
the family, and all the citizens of Ayodhya offered their respectful obeisances
unto the Lord.
after a long absence, offered Him flower garlands, waved their upper cloths,
and danced in great jubilation.
shoes , Sugriva and Vibhishana carried a whisk and an excellent fan, Hanuman
carried a white umbrella, Satrughna carried a bow and two quivers, and Sitadevi
carried a water pot filled with water from holy places, Angada carried a sword, and Jambavan, King of
the Rkshas, carried a golden shield.
Pushpaka, with women offering Him prayers and reciters chanting about His
characteristics, He appeared like the moon with the stars and planets.
Bharata, Lord Ramachandra entered the city of Ayodhya in the midst of a
festival. When He entered the palace, He
offered obeisances to all the mothers, including Kaikeyi and the other wives of
Maharaja Dasaratha, and especially his own mother, Kausalya. He also offered obeisances to the spiritual
preceptors, such as Vasishtha. Friends
of His own age and younger friends worshiped Him, and He returned their
respectful obeisances, as did Lakshmana and mother Sita. In this way they all
entered the palace.
the mothers of Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata and Satrughna immediately arose, like
unconscious bodies returning to consciousness.
The mothers placed their sons on their laps and bathed them with tears,
thus relieving themselves of the grief of long separation.
spiritual master, Vasishtha, had Lord Ramachandra cleanly shaved, freeing Him
His matted locks of hair. Then, with the
cooperation of the elderly members of the family, he performed the bathing ceremony
[abhisheka] for Lord Ramachandra with the water of the four seas and with other
substances, just as it was performed for King Indra.
clean-shaven, dressed Himself very nicely and was decorated with a garland and
ornaments. Thus he shone brightly,
surrounded by His brothers and wife, who were similarly dressed and ornamented.
surrender and submission of Lord Bharata, Lord Ramachandra then accepted the
throne of the state. He cared for the
citizens exactly like a father, and the citizens, being fully engaged in their
occupational duties of varna and ashrama, accepted Him as their
because of his good government, the age was like Satya-yuga. Every one
was religious and completely happy.
Maharaja Parikshit, best of the Bharata dynasty, during the reign of Lord
Ramachandra the forests, the rivers, the hills and mountains, the states, the
seven islands and the seven seas were all favourable in supplying the
necessities of life for all living beings.
the Supreme Personality of Godhead, was the King of this world, all bodily and
mental suffering, disease, old age, bereavement, lamentation, distress, fear
and fatigue were completely absent.. There was even no death for those who did
not want it.
vow to accept only one wife and have no connection with any other woman. He was a saintly king, and everything in His
character was good, untinged by qualities like anger. He taught good behaviour for everyone,
especially for householders, in terms of varnashrama-dharma. Thus he taught the general public by His
submissive, faithful, shy and chaste, always understanding the attitude of her
husband. Thus by her character and her love and
service she completely attracted the mind of the Lord.